The Lord’s Prayer is by far the most central and well-known Christian prayer in the world. But does it have some significant conceptual and word-by-word parallels in Jewish liturgical tradition? Does Lord’s Prayer have Jewish Liturgical Roots? The answer is clearly yes.

First, notice that the content of the Lord’s Prayer is the same as the key Jewish liturgical concept of אבינו מלכנו (pronounced: Avinu Malkenu), that when translated means “Our Father, Our King”. In fact, absolutely everything in the Lord’s prayer is centered around either the fatherhood or kingship of God.

“Our Father who is in heaven, Hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come. Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. Do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil.” (Matt.6:9b-13a)

Second, there are word-by-word parallels between the Lord’s Prayer and variety of Jewish prayers such as “Our Father, Our King”, the “Amidah”, and the “Morning Blessings”. Here is one example from each:

אָבִינוּ מַלְכֵּנוּ סְלַח וּמְחַל לְכָל עֲוֹנוֹתֵינוּ

Our Father, Our King, forgive and pardon all our sins.

נְקַדֵּשׁ אֶת שִׁמְךָ בָּעוֹלָם כְּשֵׁם שֶׁמַקְדִּישִׁים אוֹתוֹ בִּשְׁמֵי מָרוֹם

We will sanctify your Name in this world, as it is sanctified in high heaven.

ואל תביאנו לא לידי חטא ולא לידי עברה ועון, ולא לידי נסיון ולא לידי בזיון, ואל ישלט בנו יצר הרע

Lead us not into sin and transgression, iniquity, temptation and disgrace, so that evil will not rule over us. In the light of the above I want to invite you to grow together with me in appreciation of the deep connection that exists between Jewish and Christian Liturgical traditions.

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172 COMMENTS

  1. The parallel Is not so strong as to say Jesus was. quoting a Jewish prayer. And it is clear the disciples would not have to be taught a Jewish prayer being Jews. It is more likely the Hebrew prayer you show was modeled on the Lords prayer.

    • That absolutely doesn’t make sense. This is not a chicken/egg discussion. Your point of view denies our Jewish roots and Christians!

      • Understand the concept and context gabby. Roots does not means same words or copy and paste but some similarity the important the in the prayer there is ACTS acknowledge, contrition, thanksgiving and supplications which coming from the mouth of Jesus.

    • A.H. Noble, What is the difference between a Jewish prayer and a Hebrew one. Are you referring to language. Aramaic and Hebrew? Or something else?

    • It’s not word for word but of course whether Jewish or Christian we all have the same desire, for our Father in Heaven to forgive us our sins and provide for us while eagerly await the second coming of Christ. When Jesus gave us a model prayer, he wouldn’t have used foreign concepts. The former verses make it clear prayer should be repetitive.

      • US
        REPETITIVE PRAYER: YES, AS LONG AS IT COMES FROM DEEP IN OUR HEART AND WE ARE TRULY THINKING ABOUT WHAT WE ARE SAYING!

        I was raised as a Catholic. ALL Catholic Prayer is repetitive in nature. I believe that repetitive prayer is okay, but it can take on a life of it’s own without depth and meaning. Spontaneous prayer is better.

    • It is not the Greek grammar that dictates the translation to evil,the Greek word is ( πονηρού ) that word by it self will cover 1/2 of a page, they”the translators “chose to give you the word evil, but they could have given you “sophistication” as well.

      • It’s meaning is basically anything “not good” which of course would include “the evil one” (and might even include sophistication??? LOL.)

    • Priority… That’s a funny little bit of tension. Maybe we can say the Hebrew prayer came first but Jesus’ prayer nails it down in some unique way… goodness, it’s dangerous territory. I am fascinated by Jesus’ allusions to the idea that he came as a Hebrew to the Hebrews, so that the metaphors and MO he ‘enfleshes’ are appropriate to that cultural lineage specifically! I do not think the Christian churches or experts have succeeded in translating the ‘metaphors’ of that culture for the gentile world. No Jew, no Greek in Christ. No cross on Mt Mars!

    • True, what most fail to understand is that Jesus spoke to them in a language they could understand, only that this time He spoke to them as the Word who was with God at creation and thereby placed it or should I say wrote it in the spirit on their heart’s. The Jewish form has more meaning to me than ours. To the Jew first truly and then to the gentile.

  2. The Jewish Prayers & the Prayer with which Jesus was teaching His disciples, TO PRAY….(above all) teaches me, that The Lord of the Old Testament & The Lord of the New Testament, is the SAME…..& his PATTERN & EMPHASIS has always been the same. In fact, please think with me…. Every time, we read the Old Testament, we must pause, and meditate, as to WHERE IN THIS PASSAGE, is Jesus Christ (the messiah)….Since, I believe…right from Genesis, what we see, is A SHADOW, of the messiah, as in the New Testament… Otherwise, we will have ‘missed the point’….

  3. No, the Lord’s Prayer follows the same basic 3 part outline as the Amidah: homage, requests, acknowledgement. It was comon for Rabonim to give their talmidim (disciples) a shortened version of the Amidah to say at those times when they could not don teffillin and say the entire prayer. Yeshua’s disciples knew how to pray. This, a short version of the standing prayer is what they were asking for, not basic instructions in praying. The so called Lord’s Prayer is what He gave them.

  4. I can’t identify with well-know prayers (unchurched). I think (after much reconsideration) I recognize Matt 6:6, pray to your Father who is unseen, and your Father (God who sees me & God who sees) will pay the debt (deliver me). Why does this vs say Father twice the both the Jewish liturgical and the Christian prayer mention Father & King or Kingdom?

  5. Maybe The Lord’s Prayer should also be called the Disciples’ Prayer as His disciples, and us now, should pray those words to Him.

  6. On earth as it is in heven could be interpreted as in me being the earth. Daily bread is the reverlation of Yehuha Deliver us from evil twisted teaching Our Father in heven Praise be your name Your jongdom come in me as in heven fogive us our sins as we forgive thoes who sin agsinst us Let us not be decieved by mis interpretation of torha and deliver us from twisted teaching. For yours is the kingdom power and glory amen

    • Son, you need to go back to school and learn how to spell along with learning some manners. Study the Word and stop being so disrespectful. Shalom.

  7. Prayer is not a mysterious practice reserved only for clergy and the religiously devout. Prayer is simply communicating with God—listening and talking to him. Believers can pray from the heart, freely, spontaneously, and in their own words. I also wonder how the Jewish people regard these scripture passages in Hebrews 8:9, and in Jeremiah chapter 2, talking about the Lord God turning His back on the Jewish people.

    • I wish you the best, Randy, but your comments reveal a real lack of understanding concerning both prayer and God’s Covenant with the Jewish people. First, concerning the matter of prayer: Spontaneous prayer has always had a place in Judaism but it is just one way a person can pour out his heart to God – we can also communicate with God through fixed prayers like the Amidah. These prayers are a depository of historical truths and theological convictions. They provide one with a vehicle for expressing our most sacred beliefs. In other words, all prayer is a good thing!

      • Secondly, God has “never turned his back on the Jewish people.” Hebrews 8:9 contains just one line of Jeremiah 31. If you continue reading in verse 10 you’ll see that God is not rejecting his covenant with Israel, but rather affirming it! God states unequivocally that he will write his Torah on their (i.e. the Jewish people) hearts and he will be their God forever.

        • Not all Israel are Children of Yahuah. The true children of Yahuah are the children of the promise through Abraham. We the gentiles are the the children of Yahuah because we believe in Yahusha Messiah as being the Son Of El Shaddai. Yahuah did in fact turn away all those who kept disobeying. There is a remnant of (Jews) who are His, those are the ones who believe Yahusha and know he is the savior, not only of the Jews, but to all nations. I believe they are referred to as Messianic Jews. We, Christians ARE Israel….another metaphor to contemplate

        • I just thank you for the revelation through seeing the Jewish believers.

      • Yes, all prayer is a good thing. Isaiah 26:3, says,”Thou will keep in perfect peace, he whose mind is stayed (kept) on Thee, because he trusts in Thee.” Yes, but how are we to keep our mind kept on God so that we will experience this “perfect peace.” We are told in Matthew that we are not to pray with “vain repetitions”. Certainly it is not vain to repeat the word, Father, so as to keep our mind stayed on God.

  8. If I remember Bible history correctly, for many years what became Christianity was breakaway Jewish movement, caused in part by self-serving corruption at the highest levels of the Temple. Again, from memory, it was in the early 200’s that it began being called various early names for Christianity.

  9. Thank you Dr. Eli. I believe that the Lord’s Prayer was given to the apostles, and passed down to us, so that we would know how to pray in common, uniting us in heart, mind and soul. Thank you for the comparisons.

  10. I believe the Lord’s prayer was for the disciples not us the believers. It was necessary for that time eg. Thy kingdom come..we know we are now in the kingdom through Christ. Thy will be done on earth…we see it fulfilled on Golgotha when Jesus was raised. Forgive us our sins ..we see that on the cross. Give us our daily bread we Jesus breaking his body to be bread for us. Christ taught them to pray that way that season but I believe the prayer was not supposed to be an eternal prayer. The prayer served its purpose

  11. Dr. Eli, Love all that you share through your books, especially Jewish Gospel of John, read 4 times and use it for study when in John’s gospel. Also from my background in Scripture studies, I find your teachings very inspirational and uplifting as you learn to know God personally not just about Him. One writer I studied about Our Father was Joaquin Jerimiah( spelling?) Teaching to call God ABBA/Daddy! Keep up your work you have my prayer support. God bless! Michael Ortega, Tacoma Washington

  12. My curiosity relates to the phrase “כְּשֵׁם שֶׁמַקְדִּישִׁים אוֹתוֹ”, translated “as it (the name) is sanctified”. The first shen in she-mak-dee-sheem represents a passive construction I am yet to see in the Massoretic Tanakh. (Of course, I stand to be corrected.) When did this type of grammatical construction enter Hebrew? The Jerusalem or later Babylonian Talmud? Or the Mishna? Or even later? It may help tell us which came first, The Lord’s Prayer or some varieties of the Jewish prayers.

  13. Thank you Dr. Eli for your teachings. I began praying the LORD’s Prayer every morning in my time with HIM. I started praying this way about 40 years after I was born again at 16yo. Several years later my husband retired and we have communion every morning together and after a while we began starting our communion with the LORD’s Prayer. We are looking forward to when the Kingdom of CHRIST is established on their Earth and satan is cast into Hell. HIS Kingdom Come HIS Will be done on Earth as it is in Heaven.

  14. Dr. Eli, your prayer comparison is particularly inspiring. The parallels to the Amidah (pre & post AD 70/Mishnaic Period) are most helpful. Indeed, David’s praise/prayer (1 Chr. 29:11-13) seems to echo (in content and form) this loyalty and devotion before God. Similarly, John (gospel) echo’s both temple imagery (Jn. 2) and the kingdom of God (future Presence restored) to the believer (Jn. 3; 20: 21-23). That Jesus (the Davidic King) is embodies the message (mercy and truth) and life of God (in content and form) points to our own prayerful consecration before God. This is a welcome and rich study!

  15. Good day Dr. Eli, I just read your short commentary on “The Lord’s Prayer” and was wondering when the Jewish prayers such as “Our Father, Our King”, the “Amidah”, and the “Morning Blessings” were thought to be written? Was it after or before the Gospels?

    • Wally, shalom! We don’t know for sure but the final form is after the Gospels but how much of the early form goes before is unclear. BUT AGAIN… the point here should not (and I think this is what is scary to Christians when they see this) be that Jesus borrows (meaning that it was not original with him), BUT THAT The Lord’s Prayer is a thoroughly JEWISH prayer! It is irrelevant who is borrowing from whom or that BOTH which is more likely drawing from the pool of JOINT tradition.

      • Really, Dr. Eli? Jesus is the word of God. He is not a borrower, He is the origin. Wouldn’t you say?

        • Shalom, Robert. I hate to walk into this trap 🙂 – I mean the way you ask your question :-). The way you put it is that somehow you think that I am depraving Christ our Lord of His rightful glory and preeminence if I suggest that there is well-established pre-existing Jewish pattern in His NT teachings. However (I say this respectfully), you are making here a mistake of gigantic proportions theologically. You are assuming that because Rom. 11:36 is true in some important and crucial sense (For from him and through him and to him are all things) it

        • To say that Yeshua is not a borrower is misguided because we cannot claim that all that was done before the Messiah was evil and if this is so, then we agree that there were prayers that were inspired by Hashem even before “Christ”. This means He Who was even before Moses could draw from that which had already been revealed to man regarding prayer because if it was ordained by Hashem, He, being the Son of Hashem, could not in any way disapprove of it, hence teaching the prayer to His disciples.

      • Shalom Dr Eli adelante y felicitaciones no hay duda que todos los escritos que dejo el SR estan garantizados de los escritos hebreos, solo que hay que comprender al hebreo, agradesco sus enseñansas porque son las confirmaciones de los estudios que damos a la congregacion , Ud siempre aporta ese contenido con claridad que uno le falta , anoche estube dando el mensaje del padre nuestro y leo esta riqueza y como no agradecer un abrazo

          • We forget how broken the English words are to compare as the strength of explaining truth of GOD an HIS PRESENCE. The Torah says HIS

      • Jesus lived all His life in and under the Old Covenant, His disciples when walking with Jesus were taught a transitional religion from Judaism to Christianity. So What Jesus said in the ‘Lord’s Prayer’ is bound and linked to the transition. He (Matt.6) and later Paul (Ephesians 1) and the apostles (Acts 2) borrowed heavily from the OT. Which was normal, they were all Jews in the first place; the switch was set in by the Antioch Church and the Apostolic Council in Jerusalem. The Lord’s Prayer is therefore a prayer of/for the disciples at that time.

        • Bruno, I agree except that I think you division into OT and NT is not really warranted even though it is traditional.

          • Dr. Eli, Im not a very deep theologian but just want to better understand the purpose of The Lord’s Prayer – simply. Why Jesus speaking primarily to Jews before the cross would be teaching a prayer that seems unbiblical (or un-New Covenant) to His disciples. In other words – as Christians we know forgiveness has been been granted once for all sin – so why the words in the prayer: “forgive us our debts AS WE FORGIVE OUR DEDBTORS” . I’m confused about the Jews expecting an earhtly kingdom versus Jesus coming and knowing His purpose was NOT an earthly.

          • Hi John, thank you for posting. What I am reading sounds influenced by dispensationalism (the theology that there was a substantial change in how God deals with humankind after Jesus died and rose again). Please reason with me for a second: (1) if some huge change indeed occurred after Jesus’ resurrection, and (2) relatively little is recorded about Jesus’ teachings post-resurrection, then that means that the large part of the Gospels would fall suspect to being irrelevant teachings for us believers. Doesn’t that sound like a dangerous position to take on scripture? The truth is, just two verses after the Lord’s Prayer, Matthew records Yeshua saying, “But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.” Additionally, consider the parable of the unforgiving servant that conveys the same message (Matthew 18:21-35). The next verse says (speaking of the future) “So My heavenly Father also will do to you if each of you, from his heart, does not forgive his brother his trespasses.”

            Lastly, concerning you last comment about Yeshua’s purpose, Yes, Yeshua will establish his kingdom on earth at his second coming, but even at His first coming, one of His primary earthly purposes was to teach the world how to live a life honorable to God and how to understand the scriptures. The Jews in Yehsua’s day expected an earthly kingdom because that is one of the criteria of the Messiah as a son of David. I would recommend a course for you, either “The Gospel as Jewish Literature” or “Partings of The Ways: Origins of Judaism and Christianity” to dive deeper into these issues.

            Blessings!

  16. Hi Brothers and Sisters, I generally enjoy your, what I call, Testament Study bites. This one on our Lord’s prayer is most interesting, and the ideas as to what it means along with its context being slightly varied really bits home. One part of the prayer is very dangerous, and in my mind, should definitely not be ignored by any one who uses it; I refer to (in modern English) the words “forgive me my sins as I forgive those who sin against me”. God bless, keep on accepting the guidance of our Lord.

  17. Pax Christi: I am curious where (Bible or extra) do you get the verse “lead us not into temptation” that is wrongly translated from Greek,”peirasmon”(Matt6:13), “lead us no into trial”? Only Some translations avoid it

  18. When I get the time to read it, I love this wonderful background information which fleshes out our knowledge of Yeshua and his disciples. And the comments are also very helpful.

  19. Dr.Eli, thank you for teaching and sharing the Jewish Gospel Of John, and the Lords Prayer. It seems to (my understanding),that the Lord’s Prayer which Jesus prayed might be John17:1-26??

  20. Dr. Eli, I have the SIDDUR SHABBAT SHALOM, however, the English language does not express the spirit within the teachings. I also have the Soncino Books of the Bible written in English and the Hebrew languages. Some Christians are using Abba Malkenu instead of Avinu Malkenu. While I was researching for some reason my inner soul told me Abba was not right. By the way, the messenger is looking out for our welfare. Amen, Amen, Amen and Amen

  21. The use of ‘Father’ is interesting. There may be a few reasons, but that it was in common use is shown “Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.” (John 20:17) It only makes sense if they all in common regarded God as their Father. I guess there is no known date for the prayer “our Father our King?”

  22. Most of the comments miss the point–The Jewish Liturgical Roots of the Lords Prayer, which is very interesting. They argue where applicable and for whom, that is not the question. Thank God we have a prayer given by Jesus, which can be used to communicate with our God the Father of us ALL. Even Jesus found it applicable to himself while living on earth, as he did not consider himself part of the Godhead. This only came about through the early church.

    • Jesus was a Jew instructing his disciples who all were Jews, in a Jewish country. It is not surprising that the prayer Jesus recited was derived from and consistent with Jewish culture.

  23. Dr Eli; I would be interested in your interpretation of ‘Do not lead us into temptation’ part of the prayer. Is this a reference to an experience similar to Job in the Old Testament that the prayer refers to? A time of testing to prove our loyalty to God? Why does the prayer ask that we not face that? Is that not our lot in life since Adam ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil?

  24. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg: Greetings! Please permit me to make an observation, though not on this article. Most of the articles by most Jewish Bible commentators, give the impression that the Jewish believers are different from Gentle believers. I agree the Bible, differentiated Gentles from Jews, that is to say two different people or bodies. The Bible also made it clear that Jesus Christ Crucified came to make the two people to be one, the two bodies to become one body, the Body of Christ ( THE CHURCH). It makes no sense giving the impression that the Almighty Creator God partial.

  25. Thank you Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg. You’re correct. Indeed, we’ll never fully appreciate the power of the prayer without going beyond its Greek text, and to the Jewish thinking behind each line, to what most likely Jesus was thinking about when He taught it to His disciples. The prayer is by no sinful mortal but by someone who billions of people consider the Son of God. If so, why hasn’t it been analyzed in detail, in the way you have, for example? Aren’t there daily prayer patterns like the Shema? Shouldn’t it be our creed, not the Apostles’ Creed?

    • Shalom Jito! Thanks so much. A great question but unfortunately one that we don’t have room to discuss here! Its not that Christians need to reject the Apostle Creed – but rather that they learn to appreciate the Jewish liturgical background of their faith as well.

  26. It is agood questiont! My answer is: rather not. Most of Judaic prayersar are concentrated on Jews or Israeli nation. At rabbi Yeshua prayer – we, all we are sons of one Father, Father God. I would say that rather later talmudic texts contain influence of Christian Jews power. It was big power in number of Christians, but also in spiritual wisdom. At Talmud we could found more examples that some it’s thoths were sayed many years before by Rabbi Yeshua as a first one. But Talmudic Jews, sometimes were able to understand Jeshua’s teaching beter then we are.

  27. I was introduced to the Amidah last month, one thing I am aware of is that there is no coincidence with God. I would liken the Lord’s prayer to a precise form of the Amidah just as the summation of the ten commandments that the Lord calculated as two on which He said hung the Law and the Prophet’s. And you know what I preferred the Amidah, gave more insight into the Lord’s prayer. It was teaching us about who He is and God’s covenant keeping nature and His love for us. Jesus did come as a Jew.

  28. i enjoyed the discussions. i agree that there must be Jewish influence in “Our Father” as Jeshua was a Jew.

  29. Fr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg, What is the source of this prayer. I would like to do further studies on Jewish prayers. Can I find them online, like The Lords Prayer?

  30. Have just read the article as I am teaching our teens next Sunday on the prayer Yeshua taught his disciples. Unfortunately I haven’t time to read all the comments thoroughly but two thoughts come to mind: 1) If God made a covenant promise to Abraham and His descendants, He walked the blood path to cut the covenant and gave it to Abraham, can we really believe God has turned His back on His chosen people? We therefore have to consider our own salvation under the new covenant. Do we or do we not believe in a covenant keeping God?

  31. And following on: 2) Isn’t the prayer a pattern for our praying? Matthew states ‘and when you pray like this’ not ‘pray this’. Matthew is very structured and organised and maybe this is a guide for us to be structured as well as free in our praying. I do wonder if we have swung from liturgy to a complete freedom and lost much of the beauty and truth in many of those ancient prayers.

  32. Dr Eli, it is my understanding that God was presented in His attributes as the I Am (whatever your need is) to demonstrate the physical language of Hebrew. Jesus was considered a blasphemer, in part, because He presented God as a Father, His Father & a Father to those who believe in Jesus. Am I misinformed?

    • You are indeed :-). I say this with love and respect for you, my brother. Recommendation: Get my book ($5 on amazon.com via kindle app, you can read it on any smart phone even) it is called THE JEWISH GOSPEL OF JOHN. I get into all of this there. You will loooooooooooooooooooooooooooove it as do most people. Write me back again once you are done :-). Blessings!

  33. I am not surprised to hear that there is similarity between the Jewish prayers and the “Our Father”. They come from the same roots, the same Kingdom. I also see that there is a difference, for some people pray: “deliver us from evil” But in my country – Netherlands – it is : ” The evil one” an evil entity that has us in his power and we need deliverance from him . We may go to our Father Who sent His Son Jeshuah. The angel said to Mary: ” He shall deliver His people from their sins “.

  34. I was taught by a rabbi that Jesus gave the Lord’s prayer to His followers in the same manner as other rabbis. The prayer was meant to be a general outline that the followers used, adding personal material after each of the lines given. Using the outline, the one praying would cover all important areas of life and concern.

  35. Very informative thank you Is it possible the line “lead us not into temptation” could be “thus we are not led into temptation”? I’ve always been a little bothered by this line .

  36. If the CREATOR is a SPIRIT and not a woman as was first worshipped in Cannan, Babylon, Summer and Kemit over 8000 years ago which was later conquered by Indo-Europeans with their patriarchal being, i.e. male, the CREATOR became male. And as such, given a kingdom with a throne, servants, power, and greed. We must tell the truth and separate the mythological from the TRUTH.

  37. So what? Jesus was the last jew and the first christian. Some parallels with some (very) later jewish prayers mean nothing. By the way: Jesus calls God only “Father”, he has no name, Yahweh or anything else. And “heaven” is originally plural, “heavens”, “uranois” – like in Genesis, the Elohim (also plural) make “the heavens”….

  38. Thank you Dr. Eli. As a “Christian” ( inverted because I sometimes cannot believe the ignorant arrogance of some) I’d like to thank you sincerely for all your insightful articles. I’m discovering the Hebrew roots after 30 years the Word is being revealed like never before. Shalom from South- Africa. Wilma

  39. Revelations 22:18 8I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this scroll: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to that person the plagues described in this scroll. 19And if anyone takes words away from this scroll of prophecy, God will take away from that person any share in the tree of life and in the Holy City, which are described in this scroll

  40. “Yes,” The Lord’s prayer has Jewish roots and is also related to the Arabic language in the Middle East.
    Arabian swear up and down that Jesus spoke the Arabic language.
    The American people must understand that the English language is only 2000’s years old.

  41. Yes I think the Lords Prayer has Jewish roots. Yeshua a Jewish Rabbi was teaching his Jewish Apostles a Jewish prayer. I am thankful to have known this prayer most of my life. I did not know at first that it was Jewish but I do now. Thank you for all your lesson. I have ordered your book. Shalom

  42. I may be an elderly lady with some brain injuries but I truly enjoy these articles and the discussions about them. Ever since I was a little girl I have talked to God The Father and 4 or 5 yrs later (12) was led on to believe that Jesus is the saviour and redeemer of everything and everyone. I love the pattern of the Lord’s Prayer and pleased to know its’ roots.

  43. Once in a while, it becomes hard to pray when heavy burdened. At those times, I center & meditate on the Lord’s Prayer, & the Holy Spirit uses its messages to help me focus again. Re “thy kingdom come” – if more Christians really thought about it, they would quit looking at America as the “promised land”. I am a conservative patriot who prays for my country, but God’s kingdoms (spiritual & future physical) are where my hopes lie. Oh! What comfort! OT, NT, present day – the prayer in whatever form is relevant – even to the unlearned.

  44. The fact that the prayer was constructed by a Jew makes it a Hebrew prayer. It does need to be linked or connected to any other historical Jewish prayer. Christianity is a Jewish establishment that is headed by a Jew and not the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. The first disciples were all Jews. The first to be filled with the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost were all Jews, 120 of them. The first Christians were all Jews. There is no such thing as Jews and Christians rather Jews and Gentiles or Greeks if you will.

  45. Dr. Eli, I greatly enjoyed your teaching at the start of this discussion – and the discussion itself contained so many good thoughts. I fully accept the Jewishness of the model behind the Lord’s Prayer, but I have an important question: it comes in the first petition of the prayer, ie. ‘Hallowed by Your Name!’. What was the name our Lord had in mind? Was it YHWH, or was it Father? The Jehovah’s Witnesses teach that ‘Father’ is not the name of the God we pray to, but simply a title – like for example ‘Lord’ or ‘King’.

    • Rick, a person’s name in Hebrew thought is his reputation, not the spelling of what people call him. “Hallowed be your name” means “may you be deemed by all as the Holy God that you are.”

  46. It is very good for christians to realize, that Jesus was a Jew, his “sitz im leben” was Jewish and therefore his prayer, by quoting the Amida, is Jewish. It is interesting to compare the two prayers. What is new, what is different from the Amida. I would like to ask you dr. Eisenberg to fill is some blanks about this subject. Yours sincerely!

  47. Jesus was a Jew and was clearly foretold in TNK as He said on the Emmaus road. To get the full picture you must read backwards the things Jesus said and did into TNK. The gospel writers did exactly that. It is my view you cannot understand Jesus or Christianity if you don’t have a very good grasp of what TNK teaches. It adds so much depth and richness to the N.Testament. The Lord’s prayer is rooted in Judaism as was Jesus and it reflects the teaching of TNK.

  48. Our father goes back to Ex 4:22 where God called Israel his son. Hallowed may your name be honoured. May your kingdom come, your will be done, as in heaven so on earth. Refers to the heaven/earth joining as pictured in the the creation temple and the tabernacle and the Temple and in Rev 20-22. The Israelites in the wilderness asked for bread and water and were supplied. Forgiveness was a fundamental teaching of TNK. God tested Israel in the wilderness, he will allow us to be tested too, but pray the test is one we can bear.

  49. Rescue us from evil I seem to remember the Israelites crying out to God many times for rescue and deliverance from the evils that faced them.
    The Lord’s prayer has Jewish roots and is a framework for personal prayer.
    When we say our Father we pray to the one Jesus now sits beside, the ancient of days in the image of Daniel 7. The Shema speaks of monotheism as does Jesus when he says I and my Father are one.

  50. These “parallels” seem consistent with how Christ taught, “you have heard it said … but I tell you…” That is, He takes it all a step further–such as “but any man who hates his brother” or “lusts in his heart.” Here, it’s the addition of our forgiveness “as we forgive those who sin against us.” Similarly with Rabbi Hillel and the Golden Rule, where Jesus reversed the “do NOT do” such & such [negative thing] to the affirmative DO unto others [positive thing] as you would have them do to you. Jesus definitely was a contextualizer–not a plagiarizer.

  51. Thank you for your teachings. I am new to these discussions and wish to tell you that I am so inspired by what’s said here.

    I believe it is the LORD’s prayer coz it’s taught by Jesus and prayed to God the Father (THE LORD). When you read the book of Exodus, God tells Moses repeatedly that HE is THe LORD.

    Please clarify this phrase:” And lead us not into temptation.” Can GOD lead us into temptation?

    Thank you.

    • Well thank you for joining the discussion. In English, “temptation” sounds like “try to make you sin” which we typically think is the devil’s job, but the word would be better translated “trials”. There are dozens of examples of God “testing” His people (eg. Ex 16:4), but maybe “please don’t put us through trials” is a better way to understand it.

  52. Hello Dr. Eli
    Fascinating how you perceive things and word your answers. Well done. I would like respectfully to ask you which of the following 3 persons your beliefs most closely align with. I am assuming that you know of these people. Rabbi Tovia Singer, Amir Tsarfati and Rabbi Nehemiah Gordon. I have spent much time listening to all of them.
    Keep up the good work and have a nice day.

  53. It might be useful to consult the original texts of hebrew Matthew (not only concerning this prayer). There are some differences compared with the traditional translations, e.g., “may your kingdom be blessed” (kingdom is already here !), “give us our bread continually/daily” (tamid, the daily sacrifice), “forgive us the debt” (of our sins) (debt being a hebraic concept, sin a greek concept), “do not bring us into the hands of a test”, and “protect us from all evil” (including that coming from the evil one). Read “A Prayer to Our Father” by Nehemia Gordon and Keith Johnson. Highly recommended. Shalom!

  54. Teach us to pray….
    If the Lord’s prayer is taken apart and looked at closely it shows it was not really a prayer to be continually prayed, but the order of the prayer, and the content. Showing who the Father is, and is Holiness. His Kingdom in heaven as a likeness to here. Daily Bread…the word. Temptation….It is a prayer of Unity as it states. Our Father, Give us, Lead us, Deliver us.
    Just how I see it….

  55. Thank you for your very prompt response Dr Eli. Perhaps I asked the wrong question. Of the three gentlemen I named, which one would you find it hardest to agree with. Sorry I spelled Nehemia Gordons’ name incorrectly.
    Thank you.

    • Jim, in some ways I agree with any one of them and in some ways I disagree with each of them. What specifically are you trying to hone in on? Sorry, I’m not trying to be difficult, but the question is just very unspecific.

  56. Thank you for responding again. I will explain myself. I have taken up some of your courses and finding the explanations of the real meaning of the Hebrew texts excellent. In reading about yourself, your main passion would appear to be….”building bridges of trust, respect and understanding between Christians and Jews”. As such, it seems that I have completely misunderstood your purpose with respect to my search for a truth. As such, is your aim to make Christians of Jews, Jews of Christians, or to make them both more tolerant of each other ignoring their relative beliefs ? Regards Jim.

    • Thanks, Jim, for your persistence. More than just “tolerance,” the body of Messiah (both Jew and Gentile) needs unity, like what Yeshua prayed for. Christians don’t need to become Jews or vice versa. But all believers need to eagerly dive into, re-read and rediscover the Bible (Old and New Testaments) in its proper Jewish context to properly understand God, His Messiah, and what He requires of us.

  57. Understand that Jesus spoke to the followers in their local and spoken home language, Aramaic. The written forms in the gospels appeared from the oral traditions much later in the first century and the translators sophisticated the language in their literary traditions. Biblical Archaeologists have evidence, which needs to be referred to.

  58. Thank you Dr. Eli for staying with me on this. I agree with what you say re rediscovering the Bible. Re the 3 people I mentioned previously; 2 of them do not believe that Jesus Christ was the Messiah and the 3rd one does believe he was the Messiah. The third line in your response implies that John:3.16 does not apply to Jews. My question follows. Depending on your answer I would have another.
    In the New Testament, is Jesus Christ, (the only begotten Son of God), the Messiah as foretold in the Old testament ?
    Thank you. Regards. Jim

    • Of course John 3:16 applies to Jews; the conversation took place between two prominent Jews after all. But more properly, it pertains to the whole world.
      As to Yeshua being the foretold Messiah, the simple answer is yes. The complicated answer is that He certainly fulfilled the prophecies pertaining to His first coming as the Suffering-Servant, but not to the second coming, yet; we are all awaiting that day. Unfortunately, most non-messianic Jews reject Yeshua because of their strictly regal expectations: Messiah should literally-restore-Israel, defeat-her-enemies, reign-on-David’s-throne, uphold-Torah, build-the-temple and bring-eternal-peace. In their minds, Yeshua-failed-to-accomplish-these.

  59. Thank you Dr. Eli for your prompt response and excellent answer. You have confirmed for me, that pursuing the knowledge path I am on is the right choice for me. In my previous question I indicated that there may be a follow on question. Here it is. Has rejecting Messiahs’ first coming penalised non Messianic Jews re John 3:16, or will later accepting that they made a mistake when he comes the second time, get them through ? Thank you for indulging me in this quest. I appreciate the time you have given me.

  60. Thank you for an excellent answer. I have learnt much in this question session and also about your self. I appreciate the time you have spent in answering my “non specific questions’ LOL. I got the answers I was looking for and am pleased to find I am on the right track with my studies. I have downloaded the four books you have written and started reading the Hebrew Gospel of John. I have another most important question to ask but will search through the courses and blogs to see if it has already been discussed. Again many thanks Jim

    • The Hebrew equivalent is “ba’aretz” meaning “in/within the land”. The b- prefix has a general meaning of “in”. The word for “on” is “al” as in “al pnei ha’adamah” to say “on the face of the land/ground”.

  61. shalom Dr. Eli .Lords prayer and Jewish Liturgy is just one thing, one root, one purpose- talking to GOD The Father.

  62. I am enjoying the scriptures from the Hebrew verses,i have a question about the 10 commandments,their actual meaning v what we grew learning and my other question about Adam and Eve and their creation,then we hear about Lilith,who was she? thanks so much for teachings from your side.

  63. Show us the Father. Jesus replied that for how long have l been with you and yet you say show us the Father. And also Jesus said LM the Alpha and Omega. Meaning he had full deity of the Godhead in him Meaning Hes the Man upstairs can’t b 2

  64. Jesus is God the Father in heaven u can’t separate him from the Father the Son and Holy Spirit. In the old testament God manifested himself as the Father and New testament as the Son and in our recent times(end times) he manifested as Holy Spirit. Like when b4 Abram

  65. I received the free email publication Jewish Insights into Scripture and was surprised to learn that most of the text dealt with the New Testament, which to a Jew is not Scripture. Only the TaNaKh is divinely given Scripture. I have more to say but my word count has expired.

    • Thank you for posting. I understand what you’re saying about the “scripture” part, my dear Dr. Cohen–we both know what the Hebrew Bible comprises (and what it doesn’t). But did you not also detect that the “Jewish Insights” part suggests a largely non-Jewish target audience interested in how the New Testament is harmonious with the Tanakh? It’s a collection of books from Jewish Talmidim and their Jewish rabbi living and teaching in the Jewish homeland about love, mercy and justice. It’s steeped in a patently Jewish context; shouldn’t it be interpreted as such to avoid aberrant conclusions?

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