Jesus does not shy away from the topic of hell. For instance, he tells his disciples, “It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than with two eyes to be thrown into hell (γέεννα; géhenna), ‘where the worm does not die and the fire is not quenched’” (Mark 9:47-48). Indeed, explicit warnings about “hell” appear throughout the Gospels (Matt 5:22-30; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33; Mk 9:43-47; Lk 12:5). In light of this biblical truth, the following statement will seem counterintuitive—or even heretical—but it’s equally true: Hell does not exist.
The Jewish notion of punishment after death originates from an actual geographical location. The Valley of the Son of Hinnom is listed among Canaan’s locales in Joshua (cf. 15:8; 18:16), and it became a place of child sacrifice and foreign worship. The ancient Israelites “built the high places of Baal in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom (גאי בן הנם; gei ben hinnom), to offer up their sons and daughters to Molech” (Jer 32:35; cf. 7:31-32; 19:6; 2 Kgs 23:10; 2 Chron 28:3; 33:6). This valley served as the earthly template for a post-mortem pit that ancient Jews called “Gehinnom” (גיהנום)—“Gehenna” in Greek and “Gehinnam” in Aramaic—the “Valley of Hinnom.” While Israel’s Valley of Hinnom certainly exists, its otherworldly counterpart is still awaiting existence.
According to Scripture, hell will be created after the resurrection of the dead; at present, hell does not exist. When Jesus describes hell as a place “where the worm does not die and the fire is not quenched” (Mk 9:48), he quotes from Isaiah’s eschatological vision of the righteous living in God’s kingdom and the rebellious dying in fire. Through the prophet, God describes a future creation: “The new heavens and the new earth that I make shall remain before me…. All flesh shall come to worship before me… and they shall go out and look at the corpses of the people who have rebelled against me. For their worm will not die, nor their fire be quenched, and they shall remain an abhorrence (דראון; deraon) to all flesh” (Isa 66:22-24). This “abhorrence” for the wicked is a post-resurrection reality. As Daniel 12:2 notes, “Multitudes of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake [in resurrection], some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting abhorrence (דראון; deraon).” The Bible describes everyone being raised from their graves and then receiving either eternal life or ongoing abhorrence. Hell is not a destination for the wicked after death, but after resurrection (for the destination after death, called Sheol or Hades, click here).
The ancient Aramaic translation of Isaiah—or “Targum” (תרגום)—replaces “abhorrence” (דראון; deraon) in the original Hebrew with an explicit reference to hell. In Aramaic, Isaiah 66:24 reads, “their breaths shall not die, and their fire shall not be extinguished, and the wicked shall be judged in hell (גיהנם; gehinnam).” The Targum parallels Jesus’ quotation of this same verse in Mk 9:47-48 alongside his own reference to “hell” (γέεννα; géhenna). For both Yeshua and the Jews who wrote the Targum, “hell” will be a place that exists in the “new heavens and new earth” that Isaiah prophesied. The wicked do not arrive in hell immediately after death; instead, they go there following their bodily resurrection. This post-resurrection scenario is what the Targum and Revelation call the “second death” (cf. IsaTg 65:6; Rev 20:14; 21:8)—that is, a death that comes after resurrection. Scripture clarifies that a fiery place of judgment is reserved for the World to Come, rather than the present world. “We are waiting for new heavens and a new earth in which the righteous will dwell” (2 Peter 3:13), and “hell” is a pending part of that future creation. In other words, hell does not (yet) exist.
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Thank's on your article. i'm totally agree that a person's soul did not go to heaven or hell after they die. May be you can discuss on your next article about the condition of soul after death. May God bless you. Thanks for reading, Gerry. On what happens after death, see https://weekly.israelbiblecenter.com/happens-death-resurrection/ We are glad that you are finding our articles enlightening. You’ve already started your path into Scripture, but there’s so much more that awaits you! Consider enrolling in our immersive online courses: The Jewish Gospel of Matthew or The Hebrew Psalms: How To Worship God. We guarantee that they will deepen your understanding of Scripture and enrich your faith experience. If so where do the spirits of all mankind go at death now? Is there a place set aside for them until the resurrection comes both for the righteous and the wicked and if so where? Yes, there is a post-mortem place prior to resurrection; it's called Sheol. For more, see this article: https://weekly.israelbiblecenter.com/happens-death-resurrection/ That most definately must be the case. one thieif on the cross was ushered into paradise the other was not. The christian who dies is "absent from the body but present withe Lord". Amen to that!! Paradise for the “good” and the spirit prison for those who have been evil on earth is what I believe. I totally disagree with all that because ,1: When you die it's either you go to Paradise which is another word for Eden where Adam and Even used to live or you go to sheol which is hell and hell is temporary. The final destination is The Lake of Fire Glad you explained yourself.... Your interpretation reads things into scripture that are not there. Daniel says "Many" or "Multitudes" shall awake - note carefully not ALL. Some remain dead in the grave (= hell). See the clear emphasised (4x) state of this class of people in Isa.26:14. "Multitudes" (רבים) is a Hebraic euphemism for "everyone." Note John 5:28-29: "An hour is coming when *all* who are in the tombs will hear [Jesus'] voice and come out, those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgment." More, the grave ≠ hell; the post-mortem destination prior to resurrection is Sheol/Hades, not hell. See the following article: https://weekly.israelbiblecenter.com/happens-death-resurrection/ We are glad that you are finding our articles enlightening. You’ve already started your path into Scripture, but there’s so much more that awaits you! Consider enrolling in our immersive online courses: The Jewish Gospel of Matthew or The Hebrew Psalms: How To Worship God. We guarantee that they will deepen your understanding of Scripture and enrich your faith experience. Thank you, this was very enlightening. I wondered, do you have anything on what hell will like? Thanks for your question, Dionne. There's not much on it. It's fiery (per the article) and/or a place of "outer darkness" (cf. Matt 8:12; 22:13; 25:30). Though, according to Isaiah 66:24, those in the fiery place are already dead -- so they don't experience what hell is like anyway. May not be related but I've got some nagging issues raging within my heart. If that is the case, then what is that place where the rich stayed in torments while seeing Abraham and the beggar Lazarus in a not-so-far place(they were conversing to each other? Thank you for your explanation. I would like a discussion if possible about whether or not there will be consciousness in hell. Thanks for reading, Carmeta. We can follow this article with one on the question of post-mortem consciousness. Stay tuned. KJV ECC,9:10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, Some quote Lazarus and the rich man. An event not to happen until after 1000 years A parabel as they can't communicate Hell is used figuratively and literally. Figuratively as fiery lake of fire into which even death itself will be thrown and other figurative animals signifying governments and worldly authorities will be destroyed finally and completely. (Revelation 20:13-15).According to Romans 6:7 there is no sin after death! what about the parable where the man in hell asks for his family to be warned of his of fate. Thanks for your question, Greg. That's not "hell," it's "Hades." These are two different places. See this article: https://weekly.israelbiblecenter.com/happens-death-resurrection/ Hell was created for the devil and huis angels. It is real It is there right now if hell doesnt exist right now, can you explain the scripture of the rich man going to hell and seeing the poor man in the bosom of Abraham and the rich man wanting to warn his family of this place. otherwise i would be left confused. thanks! Thanks for your question, Sharon. The rich man doesn't go to "hell," he goes to "Hades" (or "Sheol" in Hebrew) -- the poor Lazarus and Abraham are in the same place, by the way. See this article: https://weekly.israelbiblecenter.com/happens-death-resurrection/ Dr.Nicholas, Greetings! Please, if you study the Bible without bias, you will know that right now, heaven and hell exist. There are numerous Bible passages that confirm the existence of heaven and hell. Please do not ignore this comment, because your eternity and that of others are involved.Thank you! Immanuel, if you can supply biblical passages that describe the present existence of hell, please post them. Thanks for reading. Amen Immanuel please I will want you to back your claim with the scripture Thanks, that was clarifying! Thanks for reading, Sven.
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