One of the classic themes in replacement theology (the belief that Christians have “replaced” the Jews in covenant relationship with God) is that even stones can be turned into God’s children. A number of new testament texts (i.e. Luke 3:7-8) are commonly used to support this traditional theology.

For example, John the Baptist spoke to his fellow Judeans:

“You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Therefore, bear fruits in keeping with repentance, and do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our father,’ for I say to you that from these stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham.” (Luke 3:7-8)

The mistaken assumption is that these texts are describing a “Jews” versus “Gentiles” mentality, while in reality, they are contrasting “Jews” and “Better Jews” instead. This Jewish prophet confronted his fellow Jews who thought that they can go through his water-washing without true life-changing repentance and still receive God’s pardon. In a similar incident, Jesus, in his confrontation with some Judeans who opposed him said, “If you are Abraham’s children, do the deeds of Abraham.” (John 8:39)

Finally, those who embrace replacement theology often cite Paul’s words to the Christ-following assembly in Rome to (wrongly) support their view that Christians have replaced the Jews as God’s uniquely chosen people:

“…not as though the word of God has failed. For they are not all Israel who are from Israel; nor are they all children because they are Abraham’s descendants, but: ‘through Isaac your descendants will be named.’  That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are children of God, but the children of the promise are regarded as descendants.” (Rom. 9:6-8)

An ancient Jewish prayer (Ribon Kol HaOlamim) used regularly today sheds light on the error that Jesus, John the Baptist, and Paul were all attempting to correct.

“Master of Eternity, it is not because of our righteousness that we bring before you our supplications, but because of your great mercy. What is our faithfulness?! What is our righteousness?! …What can be possibly said before you, Lord God, God of our Fathers?! …but we are children of your beloved Abraham, to whom You swore on Mount Moriah. We are the seed of Isaac his only son, who was bound on the altar. We are the witnessing community of Jacob, chosen and loved to the utmost by You…”

The child of the flesh is Ishmael, while the child of the promise is Isaac (notice that both Isaac and Ishmael were living, breathing sons of Abraham!). The contrast between Isaac and Ishmael is not between two different “races” but between two sons of the same father, who chose to relate to God in radically different ways: one in faithfulness (Gen.22) and the other in rebellion (Gen. 16:12).  Isaac’s life throughout the Book of Genesis was characterized by faith and obedience to God. Isaac was not only related to his father by blood but also by living (and receiving God’s favor) the same way that his dad did – by grace through faith.

In other words, John the Baptist, Paul, and Jesus all agree that while the connection with Abraham is very special, it is an “Abraham-like” faithful and trusting living under the blessed promise of God that reconfirms a person’s ultimate “belonging” to Israel.

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142 COMMENTS

  1. Both Jew and Gentile who except Jesus are of Isaac’s promise. For there is niether Jew nor Greek but those who follow Jesus will be saved.

  2. I do not believe in replacement theology, but I do think God can make sons of who so ever he wants to, stones included. The prayer you quoted in your article seemed a very nice prayer, but I didn’t see what it had to do with turning stones into sons. It seemed to me that some people were getting very proud, and they were being warned of God’s ultimate power. Jesus did of course say He had another flock, which I presumed was regarding the future gentiles being grafted in. God bless,

  3. I was raised a Christian (I’m 65) and have never heard such teachings as replacement theology in the churches I have attended over the years. What denominations teach this? I’m curious. Perhaps as a child, this was too advanced for me, but later churches did not teach such things. I don’t see where they got these views at all. I always felt Jesus was addressing his fellow Jews, but a lesson was in there for us as Gentile followers. We are adopted into the faith. I, for one, am grateful.

    • Supersessionism teaches the church has replaced Israel in God’s plan. Jews are no longer God’s chosen people, and God does not have specific future plans for the nation of Israel. Replacement Theology- the church has replaced Israel; Covenant Theology- the church is an expansion of Israel; Dispensationalism- the church is different and distinct from Israel, the next “dispensation” in God’s plan for humanity. Dispensationalism is the most common today, and it completely brushes aside the Jews. The promises God made to Israel are spiritualized and allegorized to say the church is the replacement for Israel.

      • Here is what Sha’ul says in Romans 11:17 -25 ,But ” if ” some of the ” branches ” were broken off ,and you–a ” wild ” olive —were grafted in among them and have become equal sharers in the rich root of the olive tree ,then don’t boast as if you were better than the branches! Read all of it 🙂

        • “Read all of it ” That is good advice. I always say “Read it in context.” All adherents to the more popular theologies I gave (by no means an exhaustive list) would do well to read the part about not boasting, as the one major theme in all is that they are better than Israel. Gentile believers are baptized INTO Judaism and the covenant, not in water.

      • Correct me if you think I am wrong, but isn’t it correct theology (not “replacement theology”) to say that “the church” is all of God’s elect, from the time of Abraham (et al) to the gathering of all under Jesus Christ, forward, to the Day of Christ. IOW, the church is the Jewish church that comes to full bloom in Christ: The root of Jesse coming forth from the stump of the earthly kingdom of Israel. Jesus is the fulfillment of that which has already been chosen, and everything moves forward from there. All who believe are saved.

        • ” The Church ” is not Yisrael .This is false doctrine .Again I would urge you to read all of Romans 11 concerning the Gentiles being grafted into the Natural Olive Tree ( Yisrael ) .The Church has not replaced Yisrael nor the Jewish people and neither could it do so .When Y’Shua returns He will set His Feet on The Mt .of Olives overlooking Yerushalayim .Who is he going to save from annihilation ? His people The Jews !!!Y’Shua is a Jew .

        • Eric – In response to your comment, ‘the church’ is not all of God’s elect from the time of Abraham. The church began when Jesus ascended on Pentecost. The start of the church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but the church soon spread to other people groups. The book of Acts talks about this.
          Now that being said – those who died before Christ (Abraham, Moses, David, Daniel, etc) all believed and because of their belief/their faith it was credited to them as righteousness (Genesis 15:6, Hebrews 11).

    • Hi Jan, I am sad to say that the majority of denominations within Christendom teach replacement theology in one form or another. As some of the larger denominations that embraced supercessionism (replacement theology) have become liberal, they have softened in their conviction that the “church” has replaced Israel as the new people of God. Others, however, seem to have “doubled-down” in this conviction and reaffirmed that Israel as a nation has no future in God’s kingdom.

      • “The majority of denominations within Christendom teach replacement theology in one form or another.” There is a bigotted comment if I ever heard one. Cite your sources. Every church in every denomination I have ever been in, where I have heard a reference to replacement theology has clearly stated that the concept is in error. Christian churches teach that we have been grafted in. Messianic Jews pinch their noses when Christians are near and tolerate us but continue to preach division. Your despicable assertion is just another example. Time to spend some time in the Word Dr.

        • Be careful of throwing stones in a glass house.. Many have crept in as wolves in sheeps clothing., be not one of them. We up lift each other, encourage and help. He is true in what he say’s yet many churches do not so do not take all out of context. Remember the splinter in your brother’s eye vs the board in ours. Tread lightly my friend because you do not talk to a man or dr. when you bash another you have the ear of Jehovah G-d, He hears all, and remember to have Fear of the lord.

        • Gordon, I agree with you. I am afraid you are correct. I think Messianic Jews want to convert gentile Christians to “Messianic Judaism” where we eat Kosher, worship Friday/Saturday, and accept their doctrinal views which are the only correct ones in their eyes. The whole thing smacks of elitism.

      • Gordon, I tend to agree with Dr. Eli. While many churches are just not familiar with the term ‘Replacement Theology’, they nevertheless subscribe to its teaching – often through ignorance. I live in Australia, and am familiar with most of the Protestant denominations here. The only churches that, in general, do NOT believe and teach a Replacement Theology slant (in Australia at least) are the Australian Christian Churches, which are generally Pentecostal in theology and pro-Israel in focus. I find it amazing that so many Christian churches seem to be entirely ignorant of Replacement Theology, as described in Romans, chapters 9 to 11… and yet they believe its teaching, through lack of understanding. Even the Bible College I attended neglected to teach what I believe is the biblical view, as described clearly in Romans. Surely the over-riding factor is that God does not lie. And neither does He change His mind. Therefore his promise to Abraham and his descendants has never changed. They are to be a ‘light to the nations’ – both past, present and future.

        • When you see that the vast majority of nations in the world I have problems with the nation of Israel and Jewish people, it should come as no surprise to anyone that a large number of professing Christian churches struggle with Israel and Jewish people. I am sure that some Churches this is not a blatant teaching that is brought up every Sunday, but has deep-seated theological mentality against Israel & Jewish people. The largest professing Christian church has long wanted control over the city of Jerusalem and holy places.

      • I am proud to claim Christ as my Saviour and I have been studying His word since I was save in 1979. I am a southern Baptist and I have to agree with you our churches are becoming the the Laodicea church. They have forgotten or don’t care to preach God’s Word and that’s why they are dying. Our churches and pastors need our prayers now more then ever

        • Maybe they need to reread the Bible and plug into its Jewish Context. Send them here, and see if that rekindles their passion.

  4. I repented (turned to God), but after my conversion to Christianity repentance got replaced by a question “Why did you come to Christ?” This made me seem really super intelligent in prayer. Talk about a golden heart!!! I have never understood why Jesus got baptized, but now I see that the voice came from heaven and revealed Christ. I heard the voice the day I repented. This explains why I was so smart about something I had never heard of. Coincidentally, Jesus spoke in my language so I accepted Justice.

    • Yeshua underwent tevilah (loosely baptism) because He was starting His ministry. Observant Jews undergo tevilah many times in their life for many reasons; a major change in status or ministry being one of them. It differs from Cristian baptism in that the Rabbi stands outside the mikvah (baptismal pool) and reads scripture while the one undergoing tevilah immerses himself completely; usually three times to make sure immersion is absolutely complete. This is how Yochanon (John) and Yeshua (Jesus) would have done it.

    • In Matt .3:11-12 ..Yochanan said ;Its true I am immersing you in water so that you might turn from sin to G-d ;but the One coming after me is more powerful than I —and He will immerse you in the Ruach HaKodesh ( Holy Spirit ) and in Aish ( fire ) .This is why Yeshua was immersed in water .Read Acts 2 when all the Jews were gathered together and were filled with the Ruach HaKodesh 🙂

  5. If the church (Jews and Gentiles who have accepted Jesus as Lord and Savior under the New Covenant) have not replaced the unsaved Jews as the covenant people, under what covenant are the Jews in covenant with God? As for the stones being pointed at by John the Baptist, I have always thought they might have been the stones placed in the Jordan River by the Israelites when they entered the promised land, John’s reminder of why the Israelites were chosen as a covenant people.

    • In can be shown from scripture that the very spot on the Jordan where the Israelites crossed was where John was baptizing. Thus, he literally is pointing to the stone memorial.

    • Certainly the Jews can begin answering you that the Adamic covenant is still active. It was never nullified, and it applies to everyone. The conversation continues on from there to Gentiles being grafted onto Jews, not Jews being thrown out as a whole. The conversation has many levels, not that I could lead the whole conversation thoroughly, but it can most certainly begin there…..

    • Dan, great question. For starters, I have to point to Paul’s comments in Romans 11:28. Paul states, “In regard to the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but in regard to election they are dearly loved for the sake of the fathers.” Paul makes it clear that even in Israel’s state of unbelief the Abrahamic Covenant (from which all subsequent covenants spring, including the New Covenant), remains in force.

  6. What the New Testament is talking about and for that matter what Yesuha taught was for the spiritual redemption, or spiritual growth of an individual regardless of racial lines. WE see this all through the New Testament and this is further shown to us in the story of Ruth where Gentiles were converted to the faith. What Yesuha did was expand this out to the world. Yesuha’s teachings were then sent out to the world.

  7. What specific behaviours constitute “faithful and trusting living under the blessed promise of God “? Abraham did not trust God when he fathered a child through his servant? When his wife died he had no further interest with the inheritance he married Keturiah and went away to establish another family. Jacob did not trust God when he deceived his blind father with a pack of lies, conned his brother when he was hungry, thirsty and tired and did not show kindness to him at that time of need, married three sisters two of whom he had lived and worked with

    • It sounds like you have already made up your mind about the Patriarchs so I’m not sure there is much I can say to persuade you otherwise. But that said – keep in mind that the only reason we know about the character flaws of these guys in the first place is that the Narrative reports who they are, warts and all. The Biblical text wants us to understand the men they become – and God’s faithfulness to them despite their many flaws.

      • Neither the faithfulness of God nor the flaws of humans are in dispute. What is the minimum requirement in behaviours to satisfy your criteria “faithful and trusting living under the blessed promise of God “? Some Christians, like Plato regarding faith and morals, have similar questions about “Who is a Christian?”. Some who profess the faith, are regular church goers but do not live by its precepts are not regarded as Christians i.e. belonging to Christ. The same with being an Israelite.

        • Grace through faith…. Though that grace through faith helps us bear fruit in keeping with repentance. Repentance is an ongoing process. Bearing fruit in keeping with repentance is an ongoing process. We work our way through life looking forward towards Him and His promise for the most part, but we also spend time looking back and confessing who He is and who we are/have-been with a heart honest to our struggle with the flesh and with a heart of joy in His grace. The name Judah/Judas/Jude expresses that life experience that believers/faith-walkers live out through His promise, His faithfulness, etc

    • You are misquoting scriptures .Avraham did trust Adonai .Go back to the book of Gen .from chapter 12 and on and read how Adonai trusted G-d .And read how Ya’acov /Jacob also trusted and believed .Also .Ya’acov had two wives not three .Study the scriptures from the Hebrew writings and understand what YHVH is saying to His people .And yes ,Avraham never turned his back on YHVH and the inheritance went to Yitz’chak not Keturia nor her children .

  8. Shalom, Dr. Eli, I do not understand the logic behind the replacement theory. Since Yeshua is a Jew, does He replace Himself under this theory? There’s Adam, born of the flesh (i.e., Ishmael) and the Second Adam (Yeshua), born of the Spirit and promise (i.e., Isaac). The reference to the word “stone” is interesting. The Stone that the builders rejected Has become the Chief Cornerstone.

    • In one sense, I also don’t understand the “logic” behind replacement theology. The Hebrew Scriptures, as well as the NT, are clear that God’s commitment to Israel and the Jewish people is eternal and irreversible.

      • Vicky As a Christian and a born again believer I have never accepted replacement theology. We in my church and my Christian friends know Israel and believing Jews are God’s people. He does have a future for them. Read The book of Revolution. And open your eyes to what He is doing currently. And in the past. God is not turning His back on His chosen people, the Jewish people.

    • I have assumed that medieval, reformed theologians invented this replacement doctrine in part because there was no physical place where the Jews lived as a nation, they could not conceptualize such a place, and most importantly, they did not inquire as to this seeming conflict via the Holy Spirit, but rather resorted to human “logic”….

      • Actually, historic Reformed theology is not as bad as people say. Many reformers, including John Calvin, gave a very special place to the Jews in God’s redemptive plan. Replacement theology was invented more than 1000 years before reformers showed up :-). Actually, Rabbi Jonathan Sacks says it right (I think) that Calvinism is the closest Christianity ever got to Judaism.

        • Does that mean Jews believe in Total Hereditary Depravity (at birth all people are depraved wholly and totally, in a sinful condition inherited from their parents), & Unconditional Election (God, before the foundation of the world, chose to save some people and destroy others, in an unchanging sovereign decree), & Limited Atonement (that Christ died only for the ones God had unconditionally chosen to save), & Irresistible Grace (the unregenerate cannot voluntarily believe in God unless God determines to save him) & Perseverance of the Saints (the unchanging work of God)? Sacramental Baptism & Lord’s Supper? Interesting.

  9. Replacement theology is a gross error and sadly many churches have followed this error. God has a special place for Israel and His covenant with them through Abraham stands forever.

  10. I don’t believe that gentiles (Christians) have replaced the Jews in covenant. Because to say that then what about the messianic side of Judaism; “they’re not christians,” they are still Jews who have who have accepted the messiah. Paul makes reference to this in Romans 11:16-25. Here he talks about the wild olive tree, the old branches being broken off (Jews), and the new branches being grafted in (Gentiles). So let us not boast, because if God didn’t spare the natural branches, then He won’t spare us either. The Jews haven’t been replaced; we’ve been covenanted in, there’s a difference.

  11. I believe it is significant that when Abraham received the sign of the covenant, every male in his household was also circumcised, including the male slaves etc. So when the church was founded in the person of Abraham there were probably more of the “mixed multitude” in it than the blood relatives who shared Abraham’s DNA. Of course replacement theology is nonsense simply because the church cannot replace itself with itself.. The opposite error however is just as dangerous, where Jewish believers are separated off from the rest of the body of Messiah. Judaism plus Messiah is not the gospel.

  12. How many tribes of Israel were there? Oh, that’s right – 12 – not one but 12. Jacob aka Israel had 12 sons therefore 12 tribes of Israel; Judah being just one of them. Later Benjamin and some other tribes joined in and took that name as theirs (just as one does in citizenship) mixing bloodlines. Also Abraham had 2 sons, Isaac and Ishmael who had 12 sons – so do the maths…between the lot of them times centuries, there are millions of us descendants and some have converted to the Messiah and some haven’t worked him out yet.

  13. For Jews and Gentiles alike, who come to believe in Christ, it is by not seeking what is righteous that we lapse into error. It is righteous that the Jews are the children of God because God made them the chosen people. On the other hand, a few Gentiles who put Christ first in their lives can come to Him because He has said whomever comes to Me I will not cast out. When the Gentiles come, they too are chosen. I think also, that John the Baptist was warning the Jews of pride towards God and presumption.

  14. I also believe that if you are a Jew, just as if you are a sincere Christian, your responsibility is heavy. It consists of leading the world in the way of the Spirit of God. Perhaps we should be less worldly, and embrace love, poverty and humility. I know people who have. There is only so much we can do helping with money and talent. But as examples, we may shine brighter than the sun if we just follow Christ Jesus.

  15. I Love the Jewish people and have great respect for the Jewish fathers of the Faith in Yeshua. I do, however, believe Yeshua had a bigger plan in mind when he choose Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. That plan was to save the world through is assembly of called out ones. Thus the “seed” of Abraham includes both natural and spiritual sons of Messiah. Ideally, G-d wanted to create a Kingdom by choosing a kingdom among kingdoms to unite into one Messianic Kingdom. If we make this a race thing – we are missing the point.

  16. Abraham and Isaac were Gentiles. I am a gentile but I believe like Ruth “that your God and your people my people…” I believe the church was a sect of Judaism. Gentiles were graced to enter the Jewish remnant through Messiah. I do not believe gentiles are the new Israel or New Jews, but I do believe I am a Jew by choice with a dual identity in my Jewish Messiah. I am not a much replacement as I am unity of the Jew and Gentile into a Jewish Messianic Movement. The blessings of Abraham belong to those born again!

    • Chiquo, shalom. I agree with your first part, but I encourage you to take our course the Jewish Apostle Paul I. To see that first part will strengthen you. If you will see your own value of being part of the NATIONS. Jews are Jews, Nations are Nations, but through Christ both are Children of Abraham. Anyways I invite to explore series of articles in the APOSTLE PAUL section of the BLOG (top right bar). Enjoy!

  17. If we use Paul’s comments in Romans 9 about an Israel within Israel and the olive tree image in Romans 11, it seems that Jewish/Israelite ethnicity or prior inclusion in the Mosaic covenant does not assure an Israelite/Jew standing in the new covenant. I think the prophets made this case forcefully as well. All Israel and the nations/Gentiles are part of the “tree” only in so far as they are “in Christ.” So I am not sure what covenant and covenant blessings are we talking about that are “eternal and irreversable” for those rejecting Christ. Could you clarify?

  18. I have assumed that the medieval church invented replacement theology in part because there was no physical place where Israel dwelt; and at the same time, the medieval theologians of the Reformation could not conceptualize a nation being formed in Israel again… Scripture could have informed them, but that would have required human inquiry through the Holy Spirit, instead of human “logic”.

  19. For a few months I attended a Bible study with a group of Church people who were convinced that they had replaced Israel. Their mind is made up about something they just accept from their leaders yet they refuse to research the facts.

  20. I was always told that Baptism was a symbol of the death and resurrection of Christ. This is repentance. Wouldn’t Jesus’ Baptism be a symbol of the Spirit interceding for us? “For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because[a] the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.” Romans 8:26

  21. Very enlightening teaching! The erroneous replacement theology has crumbled now that we see a growing number of Jews accepting Yahshua as The Messiah.

  22. Some questions to all; When the Jews split into those who followed Yahshua, and those who did not: Did they both remain Jews, or did some get “replaced”? ….. 🙂 Was Israel Jewish, or twelve tribes of Israel? Was Moses, or Abraham ….. Jews? My friends; Israel was and always will be …the people of God! It is all about the Faith in One God, and God’s Righteousness! Have any of you considered Hos 1 :11, the dry bones …. or Deut 4 :27-31! and so much more in the Word!? God bless, Shalom, Simeon

  23. Dr. Eli, I have a question. Why do the Israelites say they are Jews? For me, the descendants of Judah are Jews, and all the people of Israel are: Israelites. All Jews are Israelites, but not all Israelites are Jews.

    • TOTALLY AGREE – THE GREAT SCHISM [ ANIMOSITY ] BETWEEN JUDAH AND THE 10 TRIBES [ LESS SOME LEVITES AND ALL OF BENJAMIN ] CIRCA 722 BC PER THE ASSYRIAN AND THE FORMATION OF SAMARIA ] WHERE ARE THESE REMNANTS OF JACOBS 12 SONS ?? “THE UTTERMOST ENDS OF THE EARTH”CONTAIN THIS ” ABRAHAM ” FACTOR AND IN THAT CONTEXT THIS SCHISM BROKE THIS NATION INTO TWO – ISRAEL [ NORTHERN KINGDOM ] AND JUDAH . SO , ITS A WHERE TO FROM HERE DISCUSSION.

  24. How do you reconcile Genesis 17:4-5 “…the father of many Gentiles” with your point? As I see it, it is not an exclusionist dichotomy but in inclusive one, wherein the entire plan of God through His begotten Son (the last Adam) that He was reconciling the world (not just the Jews) to Himself. It has long been my perception that the Pentateuch was a lesson in how God wants us to behave (with plenty of good examples of bad examples), in loving obedience, rather than being beat about the head and shoulders by the ever-restricting requirements of the Law.

    • Abraham is indeed a FATHER OF MANY NATIONS, and Gentiles in Christ are indeed his children! My point is that the text about stones has nothing to do with it.:-)

  25. With regards to the subject of replacement theology, may I ask your opinion on Galatians 3:29 which states: If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise (NIV).

  26. Gentiles are the “wild olive branches” grafted into another olive tree. Rom 11:17 17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree. . . NASU

  27. everyone cannot serve God in the same way because of different spiritual levels of knowing God therefore christian do not know God in the same way Isrl knows hence the priorities change Isrl worships God of their fathers and christians worship a theory of trinity and a messiah. The difference between Ishmael and Issac is because of their mothers, same father contributes to the paternal inheritance but maternal inheritance came from Sarah and not Hagar. Though religion is a status we can ascend as well as descend depending on what our heart desires in the service of God. jessy

  28. That is not very common teaching anymore except mostly certain Baptist groups. Does anyone know “what stones” John was referring to on the banks of the Jordon? Joshua 4:7… it was said this memorial was still standing in Yeshua’s day…it was a sign against them..”…6″Let this be a sign among you, so that when your children ask later, saying, ‘What do these stones mean to you?’ It has nothing to do with gentiles replacing “Jews”. All believers are Abtahams seed by faith in the Messiah and are TRUE jews inward not outward only.

  29. The child of the promise was made to Sarah and Abraham through the Angels appearing to them in the desert. The birth of a son was promised. Impatience got the better part of Abraham and Sarah and intercourse with Haggai happened. Therefore the birth of a son from the flesh and a son from the promise occurred. The two son’s of Abraham, one from the flesh, one from the promise. Sadly the cause of much of the worlds problems today. A little bit of impatience and lack of trust has caused many sad events!

  30. Is a stone a Hebraism? I see in Joshua 24:27 a stone means to build to obtain children. It sounds similar to Luke 3:8 “God is able from these stones to raise up children”. How does this relate to replacement theology? The misconception of works and chosen? We see works as us being undesirable to God. Joshua said “You are not able to serve the LORD” yet they knew they were desired by God and joined Him (chosen). “not by works but by him who calls” Could we be misinterpreting the ancient Jewish prayer? not our righteousness, your mercy, chosen

  31. Dear Dr. Eli: With great respect I believe that you misinterpret both John the Baptist and Paul, that the TORA would have served if Jesus (Jew) Messiah had not existed; very few of the Jewish people were interested in the TORA they never fulfilled, they killed the prophets were idolaters in their majority, how many times they were punished (the Israelites) by other countries, allowed by God himself. As a Westerner, I am not interested in replacing the Hebrews, we are Christians to God, thanks that he sent his only Son to save us, I like to read the old

  32. Beloved Dr. Eli…. You know that I want to be a good friend of yours and I love your work. My identification with your work is so grate taht I will ask you a great favor. For the sake of Mashiah Emmet and for Humanity. Would you stop callin Yehoshúa ben Yosif “Jesus”? I know for fact that such a latin greek name is NO and never was his real name. would you?

  33. Ockham’s razor tells us to prefer the simplest explanation. In this case, it would be that Luke meant just stones, not people. If God could make Man from Earth, He could easily make new children to Abraham from rocks. So, “If you are Abraham’s children, do Abraham’s deeds,” for “…from these stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham.” Just like Deucalion and Pyrrha threw stones over their shoulders to new people to be born after Zeus had destroyed the inobedient people of Bronze Age in Greek mythology. In Hellenic period, they must have known the story.

  34. The Jews of the State of Israel today are NOT the Jews that were of the Tribe of Judah at Sinai. They are actually from the line of Japheth who lived and came from the Black Sea region . . . not Judah at all. They are Ashkenazi Jews from European descent who BECAME “Jews”. The tribe of Judah is still in the dispersion just like the other 11Tribes are and when Jesus/Yehosua was in the world as a true Jew, the “Jews” of His day were actually from Esau – Hasmoneans appointed by Rome. Look it up. . .

  35. replacement theory or teaching is not biblical. The Jews cannot replace the people saved by grace and grafted into the nation of Israel (like me) neither can the saved by grace people replace the Jews. we are all brought together only by the saving grace and the work of redemption of Jesus. Saved by grace alone!

  36. Ephraim, NOT Judah has “the land” birthright. Judah would have the kingly blessing until “Shiloh” would come who was Yehoshua/Jesus the promised king of Israel 2000 years ago. Since the Babylonian captivity, there has not been a Judean king in Israel (Herod was appointed by Rome and was from Esau- who sold his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of soup). . . Jacob gave Joseph(Ephraim/Manasseh) the Blessing, NOT Judah. The Ashkenazi Jews from Europe (Japheth’s, NOT Judah’s descendants) are in the Land today. (Rev. 2:9). Currently, there is no Biblical Israel. Hard word, I know.

    • Hi Beth. Nice to hear from you – but I must say I completely disagree with you. In the first place, where do you think Asheknazi Jews came from? Are you suggesting that they are not really connected ethnically to the land of Israel? Genetics would prove you wrong, if so. Secondly, do you have any idea how many Sephardic Jews from the Middle East live in Israel today? When the Arab nations expelled 750,000 Jews from their homes where do you think they found refuge? Israel of course.

      • Thirdly, Were Jewish people living in the land of Israel during the time of Jesus, “Biblical Israel”? Of course, they were. Jewish people living in the land of Israel are always there because God brought them there.

        • Hi Eli! Thank you for your insight. But consider this if you will: All Jews are Israelites, but NOT ALL Israelites are Jews. Jews are from the Tribe of JUDAH. There is a bad habit of calling “Israel” jewish. He is NOT. He was a Hebrew. In the dispersion there could very well have been descendants from Judah in the nations. I’m sure of it and there were some who stayed in the Land. However, I am a descendant of Ashkenazi Jews from Prussia, but I can’t genetically prove that I am from Judah.

        • I guess I’m saying, what is the genetic standard for proving what Tribe we are from? We have no genetic standard that goes back to Biblical Israel. Who is a Reubenite? Who is a Gadite? Who is a Simeonite? Who is from Issachar? Who is a Danite? Who is a Benjamite? Who is from Joseph(Ephraim or Manasseh)? Who is Judite? A Levite? From Naphtali? From Zebulun? Or Asher? We are all lost sheep who need a shepherd. ALL of Israel will be saved. This is why we are Children of Jehovah! HE is our Father.

        • And lastly, the Jews (or Judah) are not Jehovah’s chosen people. ISRAEL (ALL OF ISRAEL- THE HOUSE OF JUDAH AND THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL AND THE SOJOURNERS WITH THEM) are Jehovah’s CHOSEN people. God will bring all of His children back to the Land of Promise to give us our inheritance. Please show me biblically where Judah is the inheritor of the Land and I will definitely rethink my premise. I am open . . .

  37. Please don’t read into my comments that I think the Church replaced Israel. . . I would hope that “The Church” would forget that stupid premise and realize that without our brother Judah, we would NEVER have the known the opportunity we have to be reunited with our great God through the life, death and resurrection of Yehoshua! He said, “I have only come for the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel – all 12” and without Judah showing us the way, we would probably still be lost. I love my brother Judah. We could never replace him.

  38. The person who asserted millions of inhabited worlds throughout the universe is drawing a very long bow and might not have pondered the implication implied. Did Jesus die here just for us or all of them wherever? If the former, what will happen to them as bringing the Gospel of Salvation physically would seem an impossibility. Therefore if they have not heard how can they be saved? Conversely, you can ponders the answer. John of Ockham said “if One explanation suffices, it is vain to seek other. “ Not quite the same as you stated.

  39. The promises of God can only be inherited in Christ. All being made over the body of Isaac, to the Jews, but only in Christ, and they that are Christ’s are Abraham’s seed. Abraham was the progenitor of Israel and every soul that believes God in the Covenants. He is the father of all who believe. Upon coming to the cross (Jesus Christ)we are born into the kingdom of God and at the same time we become a child of Abraham. The Law covenant could not annul the covenant made with Abraham because Faith is supreme. They were called Jews 1200yrs after Abraham, who was Assyrian. Instead of becoming a Jew, he became the foundation for God’s covenant people under both law and grace. Jews were put in the same class with all people and God concluded them all under sin. In prophecy God says, “Take two sticks and write the name of Israel and his followers on one, and the other stick is for the house of Judah. Then put them together and they shall become one in thy hand. For Israel shall no longer be two houses in the earth, but they shall become one house and one kingdom and David (Christ) shall be the Head of them. Israel and Judah are side by side in the holy land. Everything hinges on the mighty revival to come. When it does come and strikes through Jewry, and the people of Israel and all the world, it makes them all one in Christ. The Jew forgets his Moses and the Gentile his paganisms and we are all one in Christ, And in the dispensation of the fullness of times, He shall gather together in one all things in Christ. Which dispensation? The present one , in which time comes to the full. By W.H Offiler.
    Amen.

  40. Our doctrine definitely taught that Christianity replaced the Jews and anything Jewish. What I notice is the word repent. “We” repented from sin, not to God. Repenting to God allows Christ to reveal Himself to those who seek God. (“My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand”) Repenting from sin allowed the Law to convict, but the image of God (righteousness) is tossed aside as unspiritual (under law).

  41. I am a Christian pastor and do not believe the church had replaced Israel. The bible says they are the root we are just grafted in. And we are not to boast ourselves against the root. We’ve just become a small part of Israel, God’s wife. The church is Christ Jesus’ bride.

  42. All truly repentant believers are of the one body of Christ. By His Holy Spirit, in submission and faithful, we are all being separated and set apart for His purpose if we are truly faithful. Gentiles drawn in as firstly first fruits to draw in the hearts of His Chosen people. All of His children are being grafted in. It is the time of true repentance, separating from the world, eternally grateful, thankful and humble as children just seeking His kingdom and His righteousness. First fruits… Lord Jesus Christ, His Chosen few, tribulation saints and those in sleep.

  43. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg August 22, 2018 at 10:09 am wrote: “Please, read article in Hebrew/Jewish Paul section. It may help you.” That ‘section’ – Hebrew/Jewish Paul – does not appear among: Hebrew Bible; Hebrew Jesus; Jewish History; Hebrew Prayer; Hebrew Revelation; and Hebrew Apostle Paul which you list as “CATEGORIES.” Please, would you specifically list the name of the article and its location so that it can be found and read. Thanks in advance.

  44. No, no replacing!!! God loves & is kind to all His creatures. God’s salvation plan has always included all peoples. God alone is wise!! God will reconcile 🕊again Abraham’s descendants through Christ, that is if they don’t continue in unbelief (that is to graft-in-again the natural branches to the olive tree they belong.) Romans 11:23-24 Shalom!

  45. Men in the Old Testament, including Abraham and David had more than one wife. Deut 17:17 states Israel’s Kings shouldn’t “multiply” wives means to “become numerous” in Hebrew. When they were married to more than one wife, they worshipped God, had strong faith in Him, and God blessed them. This did not seem to incur consequences. However, David’s sin with Bathsheba, who was not his wife, was clearly condemned and God brought consequences to David because of this sin. This is perplexing as God clearly designed marriage between one man and one woman. Why was having multiple wives not condemned?

    • Having multiple wives was probably the natural result of men going to war, wiping out all the males among the opponents and taking the females captive. It became part of the culture that persists to this day predominantly in Muslim countries. I agree that the ideal is represented by Adam and Eve, but it was a cultural norm (like having servants) that the Bible made room (and boundaries) for, even though it did not explicitly encourage it.

  46. I was adopted by my step-dad. This helped me understand my place in faith. I am like Ruth and Rehab. I am a [art of a family I was not born into but brought into by love of a G-d who had mercy on me. I believe in Jesus and understand that His teachings in these situations are to those who in arrogance think they have it made in Israel. We are all part of the promise to Abraham by faith and obedience.

  47. Replacement theory is as false as the temple is going to be restored. stravo lukos has the most accurate response to the topic under consideration. God chose the descendants of Abraham to demonstrate His love for His creation. He chose them because of Abraham’s faith, not because they were a “special people” dear to Him. Near the end of Moses life of service to God he writes that the nation is a stubborn people and will meet their end. in Deuteronomy 31: 29 For I know… you will become completely corrupt. Disaster will come to you!!! 70AD

  48. Jesus told the woman at the well that salvation comes through the Jews. There is no such thing as replacement theology, even if some people think that. Some people thought the world was flat, but airplanes proved that wasn’t true either.

  49. I’ve heard that replacement theology is condemned in the book of Revelation as:
    the synagogue of Satan, described as those who call themselves Jews but are not.

  50. Hold on here!
    1. Christians in America are not against the Jewish people.
    2. Half of Prophet Muhammad section of the Muslims believes in the Jewish teaching and the Torah.
    3. 1500’s years ago Mother Earth was supposed to have peace.
    How do I know that because we are bio-computers and Creator of Earth asked me to research the past history of biblical events?
    Don’t laugh because I speak the truth.
    People need to stop being stiff-neck and work together.

  51. Romans 3 1 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision? 2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.

  52. Beware of those who call themselves Jews but are not. I have called myself a Jew, and at other times said no I’am Christian. There is no reliable test for either. People have all sorts of weird thoughts about both of them. I prefer to start with Moses and all the prophets

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