“For from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known.” (Gospel of John 1:16-18)

As the Protestant Christian movement emerged, one of the biggest disagreements between those who would one day become Protestants and those who would remain Roman Catholic was the issue of the law’s function in the life of the believer. One of the five most important theological “shortcut” phrases of the Reformation was, “sola fide” which means, “by faith alone”. This phrase indicated how one was “saved” from God’s eternal judgment. This 15th-16th-century conflict between Protestants and Catholics was later read back into the Pauline writings and projected back into Paul’s own words. Today, hardly anyone will object to that fact that Paul must be read through a first-century Israelite interpretive lens and not through the later lenses of a Catholic-vs-Protestant conflict historically unrelated to Paul.

While the juxtaposition of the law and the gospel was present in the Church Fathers, it is not until the time of the Reformation that the juxtaposing of law and grace became so pronounced.[1] This became a dominant emphasis of the Reformation. The opposite of grace became law; the opposite of law became grace. However, scripturally the opposite of law was never grace but lawlessness. Just as the opposite of grace was never law but disgrace.

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Like Paul, John has also been greatly misunderstood and interpreted anachronistically. In John 1:17, for example, some important English Bible translations (such as KJV and NET Bible) insert the additional word – “but”. This word is not present in the original Greek. Moreover, even when modern translations do not add the word “but” (see the ESV quoted above) the verse is normally understood as if the “but” is implied. It is almost impossible for us to read this text and not juxtapose law and grace in our contemporary minds (Try it! You too will have a hard time.)

If one ignores the negative reading and instead interprets the phrase (in verse 17) positively – “The Law came through Moses; (and) grace and truth come through Jesus Christ” – then the text flows organically. In this case, it is obviously connected with the previous confession by the Gospel’s author that grace was given in addition to the grace already provided. (16For from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace.”) Perhaps a translation that can help us get rid of this inbred dichotomy would read like this:

For the Torah was given through Moses and grace and truth came through Jesus Christ”.

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157 COMMENTS

  1. This is such amazing article Dr Eli, I have to read over and over again! I realized I don’t have to juxtaposed Law and Grace but it is truly true for a believer of 21st century you cannot see the subtleties of but! So it is like when you read the Bible, Old Testament is optional extra because in our mind(not Jewish perspective) we are save by Grace and Law is not something that we should dwell so much! But in reality an accurate word would be junction, Grace has supply the necessities for us to apply the Law! SHALOM

  2. “1:18 No one has seen ELOHIM ever yet. That one and only begotten Elohim356, Who is in the bosom of the ABBA, He has shown the way to HIM.” Excerpt From Book of The Covenant

  3. Footnote to Jn 1:18 #356 – only begotten Elohim – that same ‘Elohim’ mentioned in vs 1. Addressing the Mashiach as “Elohim” (Mighty One) is valid only in the Hebraic scripture context and is not to be confounded with YHWH ELOHIM HIMSELF. In Hebraic context, the title “elohim” is also applied to mighty malachim or mighty servants of YHWH (see Ps 45:6; 82:6, 97:7, 89:6, 138:1; Ex 4:16, 21:6, 22:8; 1Sa 28:13). YAHshua is the only begotten Elohim sent by YHWH. He is not YHWH, WHO is “The ELOHIM of Elohim” – the one and only “EL ELYON” (Most High

  4. …“ELOHIM), the only EL SHADDAI (Almighty ELOHIM). See also Jn 1:1, 10:33-36; Phi 2:6; Heb 1:8; Jn 20:28.” Excerpt From Book of The Covenant

  5. John 1:17 “For the law was given through Moses; but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.(NKJV) if the word “but” is not in the Greek then where did John get “but ” in to his book. I want know more explanation

    • Could this mean, the Law id Instructions for Christ’s Followers to become one with the Father. If one, we perhaps are given grace and truth in oneness with Jesus and the Father?

    • In the KJV, you will observe that “but” is in italics. This is the system KJV applies when it believes it needs some extra word not in the original to help it make “more sense” of the original. The only problem, is that its “more sense” may actually stand against the truth. And, in this instance, it does.

  6. Unraveling! Yes the law was given to me, but how? A. through Moses, or B. Moses was read (2 Cor 3:15). The answer is B so what does THROUGH Moses mean? What did I see by having the Law read? A. His goodness, or B. His glory? The answer is A and God’s goodness lead me to repentance (Rom 2:4). What was made known after repentance? The Father and I are one. (John 1:18) Important because I prayed to God and Jesus revealed Himself. Question, “the Father’s side” seems different than slain lamb (Rev 5).

  7. The problem with not all, but certain people within the grace movement is that they see it as a way of excusing their iniquities. Grace (Jesus) came to free us from sin; Not to free us to sin. Heaven and earth will pass away, not a iota, not a dot, will pass from the law until all is accomplished. (Matt 5:18 ESV).

  8. I have a simple to ask question, what is Grace. My second question, is what is the meaning of any Hebrew Word, synonymous to the English Word Grace. I understand, Grace ias gift from the authority held by the giver. In English, a King or Queen, has Grace to Give to or take away from someone. It can be actual gifts or position, or just a privileges.

  9. I guess you are just going to throw out the warnings of Galatians that Paul wrote about this issue of mixing grace and the law as well as throw out Acts 15 as well. I’m tired of those who are Torah observant trying to yoke the Law to Gentiles where is states in Galatians that in order to do so you throw the grace of Christ out the door. Also it was determined by the Jewish council of Acts what specific laws Gentiles are supposed to follow.

  10. Shalom Dr. Eli. Thank you for this. I agree that the law and grace are not mutually exclusive to one another and are not contrary to one another or opposed as polar opposites, meaning that they can organically exist and abide simultaneously. Yeshua did not come to cancel out, negate or eliminate the existence of the law but to fulfill the law (fill in the gaps that the law could not cover due to inherent human weaknesses). I believe Yeshua is a safety net of grace. What the law cannot do, grace can.

    • When Jesus says that He came to fulfill the law, he meant to fulfill it as prophetical. He said, “The law was until John (the Baptist), since then the Kingdom of God is preached.” Luke 16:16; Mat. 11:13 See also Jeremiah 31:31-34. The born-again from above person is not under any legal covenant. He is under grace by faith through the Blood of Christ which Jesus said, “This cup is the New Covenant in My blood. See Romans 6:14 and 7:1,4 & 6. Also II Corinthians 3:6-11 Here God refers to the legal covenant as “A ministration of death.”

  11. However, I understand that faith existed within the Torah of Moses (i.e. Abraham believed God and it was accounted unto him as righteousness) but if I am understanding you correctly, are you also saying that grace existed within the Torah as well?

    • Genesis 6:8 (KJV) But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord. And think about it; grace is unmerited favor. If grace did not exist before Yeshua, Adam would have been killed and mankind perished at the first. The patriarchs would all have been killed and no Israel. David killed and no Messiah. Israel destroyed at sinai, Jonah never made it out of the fish, no renewed covenants with His people who would still be in Babylon. Grace is everywhere evident in the Old Testament.

  12. Sorry, Abraham precedes the Torah…Since the idea of the Torah was to lead to righteousness and right-standing with God, I am wondering what examples are there where righteousness through faith and grace was accomplished through the Torah of Moses?

  13. My understanding is that the law given to Moses was an absolute act of grace. For 430 years the Hebrews lived under no law at all and morality was just getting whatever you could lay your hands on. It was the grace of law that was intended to bring the people from utterly dysfunctional living into a Godly order, which of necessity embraced certain restrictions in addition to precepts and statutes. It was never meant as a vehicle for salvation; but pointing to a salvation beyond the shed blood of lambs, goats and bulls. Galatians 3:24

  14. I am probably very simplistic, with none of the Biblical education that seems evident in some of the comments, however: when my children were small they knew no rules except their own and were given rules between right and wrong. When they grew up, those rules were extended through the laws of society and no one is able to keep the laws w/out error. Grace is the way to atone for sin, Grace, (forgiveness), is given to one who is truly sorry for sin, but keeping basic law is still required. Law=how to live w/men. Grace=how to live w/God.

  15. From the NASB: verse 17 says For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ. Given what Dr Eli has said, this could almost be understood as “law, grace and truth all came together but it was only through Jesus Christ that we could see the grace & truth”. When Jesus came, he fulfilled the Law part, and thus exposed the Grace which was already there. Thoughts?

  16. Wow, I never noticed this before. Thank you for your amazing observation. So if the opposite of law is not grace, and the opposite of grace is not law, what does that mean for us believers? How do we apply this to our lives today?

  17. My understanding is that Law regulate your life while Grace live by believe. Law checkmark while Grace self respond to righteous gifts through trust. Therefore they are not same.

  18. For me to combine both the Law of Moses and grace is tantamount to confusion. Grace is not lawlessness, yet it is exclusive of the Law of Moses which is the Law of sin and death. Grace has it’s own Law, which is the law of the Spirit. If I yet practice the Law of Moses, I cannot fully attain unto grace. Majority of the problems we have today in christiandom especially in the nations outside Israel is the practice of the Law of Moses to the neglect of grace or the mixture of both the Law and grace.

  19. I don’t think one of the reformers considered that Sola fide refer to abolishment of the law. It was in opposition to RCC practise of payment for salvation (indulgences). Salvation is by faith in God and his sacrifice alone. If there is no law, there is nothing to be saved from, and no faith is needed. The reformation didn’t create the schism between law and faith, that came later. There is no difference in the system of salvation before and after the cross – God doesn’t change, symbolism has. The temple foreshadowed sacrifice on the cross, communion is in remembrance

  20. Deborah Grace means many things and forgiveness is one of them. If while reading the Torah with that in mind,you will see that Grace abounds many times and in many ways. God is the same,yesterday,today and forever.

  21. We started with one law in the garden. As a result laws were added until today we have so many none of us can remember the half of them. When Jesus came He gave us a new commandment which embodies all the proceeding commandments yet at the same time more difficult to keep than all the pre-existing commandments. (John 13 34). I am judged by the law and found wanting but hidden ‘in Christ’ the law see Him who is prefect and not the imperfect me thru His grace I am found righteous.

  22. I believe the law and grace as juxtaposed in John 1 can best be understood in the context of righteousness. Grace has abounded ever since man sinned in the garden of Eden. So, even Cain was offered grace to repent but he rejected it. All men of God before the law was given were covered by grace, and they believed God so were counted as righteous. B But their righteousness was sealed and perfected only after Jesus’ resurrection. God’s grace continue to abound for all humanity today, but one must consciously choose to accept this grace and enter in.

  23. The acceptance of grace and being righteous is to believe in the final sacrifice for sin – Jesus Christ. It is then that one can enter into and stand in grace as in Romans 5:2 (NASB). There in is where grace upon grace comes in. The law makes us fully aware of sins but it is only grace through faith in Christ’s sacrifice that establishes and seals our righteousness , i.e. right position and standing in the Godhead. Till then God’s grace is available beckoning for all humanity to accept His Son.

  24. I believed I could earn salvation by KEEPING all Ten Commandments (unchurched doctrine). I have also believed I was saved by faith alone and that the Bible was infallible (churched, spiritually illuminated, & RIGHT). My point is that doctrine is not the foundation (Truth). Equally important doctrine is ALWAYS weaker than the Truth (foundation). This allows Christ (the foundation) to remain strong and us to be WRONG. The Ten Commandments are my history. Jesus would not have condemned my history he would have used it, “the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified

    • We go to school and learn much. But if after graduating we ignore what we learnt, then maybe we should not have gone to school in the first place. Rather, if those without the in-dwelling Holy Spirit, also called Spirit of Grace, broke the law, and those with the Spirit of Grace also broke the law, the former would judge the latter. With the Holy Spirit, our righteousness is expected to exceed that of the Spirit-less scribes and Pharisees! We press forward to the mark of the high call in Yeshua.

      • The problem I had with the trinity (Father|Son, Holy Spirit) was never Spirit, it was the order in which we received the Holy Spirit (the end of salvation). The difficulty I had in identifying the Spirit as a secular person had to do with seeing both darkness and light together. Jesus used all the history I had including “God knows everything!” I accepted both judgement & hope. Judgement because I had not kept the Ten Commandments (Exodus 19:8). Hope (or faith) because God knows everything. The Way would be something He knows and He provides!

  25. You know I have to admit after 30years of following Jesus, the more I listen to the church and modern theology, grace verses faith. I’m now in searious doubt of my own salvation, I’ve held out as long as I can, but if honest, I’m not sure anymore. Still the question now seems to be, why point another to Jesus if He’s not enough. If it Jesus AND…? I’ve concluded that since Jesus, I’m still unworthy, so if I’m destine for Hell then I’m good with His verdict. As for the rest of you, I’m done with your opinions.

    • My brother, the opinions will not cease. Jude asks us to “contend earnestly for the faith once given to the saints”. And again, the word says, “exhorting and admonishing one another as the day draws near”. Therefore, don’t be tired. All you need is to have your heart in the right place. Yahweh says in Proverbs 23:26, “My son, give me your heart and let your eyes observe my ways”. And David: “Your word have I laid in my heart that I may not sin against you”. Let’s read more of the word and pray for more grace (Heb4:16).

    • Dale, I pray you would see if anyone answers you. To me, you simply love Jesus and want to make sure you’re alright. You aren’t the only person who wonders about your salvation. It is common even for Christians especially in reading theological debates. I pray Jesus reassures you that you belong to Him. I pray His Spirit bears witness to your spirit you are His son.

    • Hi Dale … This is what I think, Dale. Jesus did it all for us when he died on the cross. Tetalestai … it is finished … was the final words he spoke before his death. He ushered in the New Covenant. I love the book of Hebrews and how it describes the New Covenant. Religion, with all it’s rules and regulations takes away from the true Gospel message of salvation through Jesus and Jesus alone. Jesus + nothing = everything. If you have accepted Jesus … your name will never be blotted out of the book of life.

    • Salvation IS through Christ alone. I really connected w/ your comment b/c I too had a moment like that. Is It Jesus and…? No it’s not. We live righteously when we walk in the spirit and that’s what we need to focus on. Not the mosaic law. Many people are leaving Jesus for the law today. I’ve seen their testimonies on YT. Most of them came to it by a torah-based religion. I was in one myself but God showed me out even through the OT. Grace & love to u. Don’t give up. Deception is rampant today.

  26. The Tree of Life Version (TLV, Baker, 2015; YouVersion; Gateway) agrees with your rendering of Jn. 1:17 (substituting Torah for law, not adding the extra word, “but,” etc.)

  27. Luke writes in Acts a report on the first church. The new believers remained active in their Jewish practices and went to Temple. What was different was their acceptance of Jesus who allowed grace and a new covenant. If one is not Jewish the grace allows for salvation and the desire to follow Jesus’ teachings and command of making disciples. It does not obligate one to Old Testament laws.

  28. All believers in Christ are saved from their sin. I somehow get the idea that some would have us go back to celebrations, Sabbaths, etc. Well, do we get out our stones for the stoning rituals as well? Ladies, you have to learn some very burdensome rules. The Law is fulfilled in Christ completely.

  29. Abraham was faithful and it was accounted to him as righteousness. Righteousness is intrinsic with law. We are justified by belief. Justified comes from the Latin “ius” which means law. So belief brings us in under the law, which already existed; in fact, orthodox Jews believe the Torah preceded Creation. It was already in God’s mind. To be righteous, we must be lawful; we must obey the laws of God. Only then can we be righteous. Jesus came not to do away with the Law, but to fulfill it. Heaven and earth will pass away before the law disappears.

  30. Your highlighting of the added word ‘but’ which misconstrues the actual correct interpretation, is sadly not in isolation. There is often no “is” in greek and that is often applied which changes the context. Such as “All scripture (is) inspired by God”. Remove the “is” and you get “All scripture inspired by God” which then makes sense of Paul quoting “To the unknown God” Christian or Hebrew writing? No. Script inspired by God to quote? Absolutely. The same issue applies to when the word “in” is implied. “Christ (in/within/present/reflected/here) you, the hope of glory”. Paul is speaking to a group.

  31. Great teaching Dr Eli ! “Whoever commits sin transgresses also the law, for sin is the transgression of the law.” 1 John 3:4. Has this scriptural definition of sin changed? What does that tell us has believers? Also, when Yahshua told the adulterous woman to go and sin no more, He was simply telling her to stop transgressing the law. Unfortunately, the number 1 obstacle to keeping Torah today is the leaders of the mainstream Christianity who will never allow their followers to accept this obvious scriptural truth. And their greatest weapon? The letters of Paul.

  32. I heard a lecture (Galatians) that describes justification by faith as mature, not an infant. “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.” The difficulty I have with this is not about the Spirit bringing us to faith (Romans 8:27), it has to do with the foundation. I had two revelations of Christ, not one (death/complete faith & resurrection/mark of God). How can we be mature with half of who Christ is (death)? I am not saying it can not be true, I have no teaching on this!

  33. I see the point you are making vividly; however, what is the significance of this in the life of a believer? It sort of redefines what it means to be “legalistic” in a sense (both the original meaning and the later Reformation shift), but in a practical sense how does this change daily life?

  34. It’s very possible that parts of the New Testament were redacted to suit the growing anti-Semitism in the Church and as a reflection of the doctrines that were being developed after the close of the first century as well as the deaths of all who knew Jesus or his twelve disciples. There are places in the Gospels and Acts and Letters that seem to have breaks in the logical flow of the writings. Also, there may be lost writings that would have made Christ’s teachings much more clear– I’m not speaking of the “gospels” of later centuries.

  35. Heb. 3:12-13 See to it brothers, that none of you has a sinful, unbelieving heart that turns away from the living God. But encourage one another daily, as long as it is called Today, so that none you may be hardened by sin’s deceitfulness. Rev.22:12-13 Behold, Iam coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will given to everyone according to what he has done. I the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and End.So Jesus or Grace is found in both Old and New Testaments. We must follow both as The Holy Spirit

  36. we are only confused of what to do with the law and grace, it is by GODS grace that the law is fulfilled.so…… what then? just believe HIS word.

  37. Excellent. Thank you. The most sensible and revelationary explanation yet! “The Torah was given through Moses and all grace and truth is given through Jesus Christ. Perfect sense theologically and historically.

  38. Yes but… [Galatians 3:10-11 KJV] 10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. 11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, [it is] evident: for, The just shall live by faith. I think there is a contrast intended, not just an artifact of the reformation. The contrast with law and grace is between earning it and being given it.

  39. Perhaps a discussion of the difference between law and legalism is warranted. The law is good (though no one can keep It). However. Legalism is death to the Spirit.

  40. JOHN 1 V 17 NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. ENGLISH STANDARD VERSION For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. BEREAN STUDY BIBLE For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ. HOLMAN CHRISTIAN STANDARD BIBLE “for the law was given through Moses, grace and truth came through Jesus Christ”. No ‘but’ in the Greek text.

  41. “For the Torah was given through Moses and grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.” It took me a long time to realize that in Hebrew “all things work together for good”, not alone. I could not understand the revelation of the Lion from the Tribe of Judah in my doctrine because faith was something I was supposed to do good enough and the victory was His.

  42. I humbly submit my view and also have the utmost respect for Dr Eli.I however unfortunately could not disagree with you more. As a suitably qualified theological student and minister for over 30 years of ministry( I don’t assert to know it all -and I’m still an avid student) I am horrified at your position on law and grace and of some of the comments here esp the blatant abuse of the “ but” grammatical insert to attempt to combine grace and law. What about the consistency of scripture throughout the New Testament-in particular Acts15, the entire book of Galatians. The whole point of the book of Romans. It is sad that such mis-education still passes accurate teaching today.This theological juxta-position was not just a reformation stand point-it’s the crux of the gospel throughout scripture. It is indeed worrying. Gal 5:4 You are severed from Christ, you who would be justified by the law; you have fallen away from grace.
    Rom 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.(ESV)

  43. Myself I’m just a simple man, I believe the Bible or Torah is the word of God threw men. I also believe we are Saved by His Grace threw his beloved Son Jesus Christ. If your heart is right with Christ Jesus you know what is right and wrong. Right would be what Christ would do, wrong would be what the flesh would do. We should think with our hearts and ask is this the way Christ would do it. For the flesh will sin . Keep yourself focused on the Lord . Like I said I’m just a simple man. Your thoughts please . All have a Blessed day!

    • For a simple man you are making big theological claims! 🙂 But that is ok. I agree the focus in the right place is key.

  44. So if the Law still uphold why are Christians in general not keeping the Sabbath Day holy which is as much part of the law as those that abolish stealing, murder, lies or idol worship?

  45. Could someone please address the man Dale who posted a ways back. He is obviously confused and is questioning his salvation. My heart goes out to him.

  46. Oh ! It is insightful since l enrolled in Israel Bible Centre . My quest for thorough knowledge of the Holy Bible in Hebrew culture is fully satisfied . I am grateful to God through Dr. Eli and Anna for having me enrolled.

  47. It is exactly for this reason that I was interested in this site! While studying the catholic bible God spoke to me very LOUDLY and emphatically when I came upon a mistranslation. Thank you for this fine work

  48. Absolutely beautiful. I’m saving all your mail to my important notes in my gmail. I don’t know how to thank you. God bless you richly.

  49. I have started to read the Jewish Gospel of John, and I have started to read these articles. I have some comments:
    1. Most articles seem to deal with ideas and impressions, not scripture itself.
    2. Most responses seem to likewise deal with ideas and interpretations, not scripture itself.

    For this article: We are saved by Grace alone, through Faith. However, Jesus said, if you love me, you will keep my commandments? What commandments? The Law. It does not work in reverse, however: we do not develop love for him through obedience. Obedience flows naturally from love.

  50. DO you read the books of the New Testamet? I thought the Jews read only the OT and that they don’t recognize Jesus Christ. Please explain to me.
    Thank you.

  51. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

    I am currently reading Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) which, according to the writer, is the only English version of the Bible fully Jewish in style and presentation that includes both the Tanakh ( Old Testament) and the B’rit Hadashah ( New Testament). KIndly advise of your opinion on CJB?

    • The CJB is alright. It transliterates many key Hebrew words instead of translating them to English, which some people find helpful. But personally, I would just as soon read the original Hebrew over a transliteration of it.

  52. Well, “BUT” the LAW & GRACE or LAW vs GRACE will ever be comparative and/or by contrast. The TWO were/are/have been GIVEN by THE LORD GOD, EL-OHIM for the good and betterment of humankind HE CREATED in HIS IMAGE AND LIKENESS. “BUT” the former has always ever many weakness that forever FAILED/FAILS to SAVE the humankind, while the latter has always and forever full of strength and power to SAVE the humankind. That’s the difference. So of on which DO YOU STICK UP???? IT WILL JUDGE YOUR SALVATION FOR ETERNITY. That’s what the NT says about forever.

  53. Yes the “but” is not in the Greek. But the implication of verse 16, “we have received grace in place of grace already given.”(NIV) looks like it parallels 2 Cor. 3:10, 11 – “For what was glorious has no glory now in comparison to the surpassing glory. And if what was transitory came with glory, how much greater the glory of that which last!” (NIV) Verses 14 and 15 imply the same contrast as John 1:17. Verse 15″…when Moses is read, a veil covers their hearts.” Verse 14 is explicit “…only in Christ is it taken away.”

  54. Where did. You study Dr Eli and received your doctorate degree. When and where did you learn Biblical Hebrew and Koine Greek? Ho do you judge your interpretation of scripture to be truthful? The Torah was give by Moses, the Jews tried to use it for salvation and failed, Paul tried as a Jew and failed but hen truth and grace came through the Messiah all who believed ar saved. No failure in grace and truth for here ever there is sin there is more grace. Even our father Abraham believed God and He was justified by faith.Trust & obey

  55. I love the idea that we should read Paul’s words through the eyes of a first century Jew. Who would have thought it? Far too often people project later ideas back into scripture and then claim biblical support for anachronisms.

  56. “The opposite of grace became law; the opposite of law became grace. However, scripturally the opposite of law was never grace but lawlessness. Just as the opposite of grace was never law but disgrace.”
    Absolutely. I see One Bible — I see the soil and the seed producing one plant — the roots (of the Vine) are still intact. For example, Hosea 6:6 is perfectly connected with Matthew 9:13;12:7 — which fortunately upgraded Talmudic thought — the KJV. This connection happens throughout the Scripture/prophecies…perfectly fullied.
    Christ-followers have their work cut out for them, no problem.

  57. The author of this article should read Galatian 4&5 and on the cross Jesus says “it is finished” the law was finished and grace took its place. The new Genisis.

  58. In the version of the bible my faith uses, John 1:17 says, “For the law was given through Moses, but life and truth came through Jesus Christ.” I believe this to be a better translation.

  59. Jewish Sabbath vs. Christian Sabbath – the times are different. Saturday Sabbath finished at 6pm. Sunday starts 6 hours later. The Torah could never save a single soul. The OT saints were saved, as us, by the work of Jesus. If you love Jesus then as he says, keep my commandments and they are far more searching than the OT laws. See Matthew 5. The Reformation, for all those experts, was a change of emphasis but the same error continues to this day with Romanists and Protestants – sprinkle to save and confirm to be sure.

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