According to some, tithing is an Old Testament law, so Christians should not tithe. Others, however, assert that tithing is an enduring command applicable for modern believers. But what is biblical tithing?

Various kinds of contributions appear in the Torah (cf. Num 18:21-32; Deut 14:22-7). Even before tithing, every Israelite was to give a gift to the priests known as terumah (תְּרוּמָה), meaning “a gift which one lifts up” (Exod 25:2-3; 30:13-14; Lev 7:32; Deut 12:11). According to the Mishnah, the amount for this offering was flexible, around 1/30 to 1/50 of the harvest (m. Terumot 4:3). Then the first tithe (מַעֲשֵׂר; maaser) could be set aside — a tenth of the harvest given to local Levites (Num 18:24), who then gave a tenth to priests (cf. Num 18:26; Neh 10:39). But then a second tithe was taken. It was used for the expenses and food while the farmer’s family worshipped in Jerusalem (Deut 14:24-26). Every third and sixth year of a seven-year cycle this second tithe was given to the poor (Deut 26:12).

Technically, the laws of the tithe apply only to grain, wine, and oil (Deut 14:22; Neh 13:12). Early on, biblical tradition expanded tithing to fruit and other agricultural produce (cf. Lev 27:30; 2 Chron 31:5; Matt 23:23). More, tithe laws apply only to produce grown in Israel — “God’s own land” (Lev 20:24; 25:23). Tithes were always crops, as opposed to money.

In light of all these verses, the common modern practice of giving 10% of one’s income is not exactly what the Bible means by a “tithe.” In our day, fewer people make their living in farming than in biblical times. There is no functioning Temple in Jerusalem, and there is no priesthood to accept one’s tithed goods. But while our livelihood may have changed, God’s commands in the Torah have not. Jewish tradition maintains that giving to the needy, benevolence, and charitable contributions are prominent in Torah and should be practiced today. While we cannot practice precise biblical tithing today, by supporting institutions and people who serve God, we imitate our Maker who, in his goodness, feeds the whole earth (Ps 126:35).

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168 COMMENTS

  1. Very interesting article about tithing. I was taught early on that a tenth of one’s gross income was to be given in support of the clergy. I had never thought that monetary tithe can be used to alleviate dire human needs like food, clothing, and shelter.

    • In ancient Israel, priests were not allowed to have jobs or run businesses. Tribe of Levi had no land of their own to farm. Their only job was to serve God! So in order for them to live the tithe was an absolute necessity. Which is why Mal 3 is so pointed. It literally fed their families and they had no other means by which they could live. Unlike Kohanim, the modern clergy do not have such limitations. No passage in NT forbids pastors to have livelihood outside of charitable donations.

      • Really interesting but are we disputing the fact that in the times that we are living,giving 10% of your gross is not exactly what God would expect of us.The income that we receive is a blessing from God ,surely giving a tithe from it would be the right thing to

        • Actually, I am not disputing giving any amount to the Lord. That is an honorable thing. But the tithe was always crops, which is quite different from the currency we use. Biblical instructions far supersede the 10%, so considering that “a biblical tithe” is actually not biblical. 🙂 Which is perfectly fine, but let’s be real.

          • I was just having this discussion tonight with a friend who is a 10% tither. I was debating with him about what Paul said in II Corinthians where he talks giving generously and NOT OUT OF COMPULSION, that the Lord loves a cheerful giver! Not a set amount!

          • I think people are rigidly focused on the 10% as a set amount because it is easy and it allows to close that chapter. Giving is a complicated and very personal issue. Arguing over this matter can alienate friends, so please be careful. It’s not worth it.

      • If you say the tithes we offer are not exactly the same as of the biblical times, does it mean the 10% of our gross income isn’t serving the purpose as it was meant seeing that not all of us do farming.

        • Of course, it does! But people are so focused on the 10%. I just wanted everyone to see that the Torah actually teaches about giving beyond 20% of crops. Which should be noted is different from actual currency.

      • Hello Prof. Shir,

        Re: “In ancient Israel, priests were not allowed to have jobs or run businesses.” ,

        Are you speaking w.r.t. traditional practice, or do you find this prohibition in torah?

        • Israel was an agrarian society and Levites (cohamim included) were not allotted any land they could farm or even lease. This was done on purpose. Num 3:12, 8:19-23. They were given dwellings within the walls of the cities, but no ability to farm.

          • I think you’ve narrowed and shifted the question from what I asked.

            Leviticus 25:32, Numbers 35:1-2, Nehemiah 13:10, and possibly Jeremiah 32, Deuteronomy 18:8, and Acts 4:36-37 provide arguable evidence that Levites did *individually* own homes/land.
            However, my question was about scriptural support for your statement regarding jobs and businesses.

          • I did not mean to shift, sorry. I do speak in generalities in these short articles, as you know. So if you want to dig deep on this issue, I will tell you what I know… But let’s keep in mind that owning real estate or even property is not the same as owning farmland or orchards that can be used as a source of actual livelihood. I can imagine that not all who were of priestly heritage actually served as priests, so of course some must have had jobs or occupations that allowed them to make a living. But they did not combine that with serving at the temple as far as I know. And those would have been exceptions, I imagine. I am not sure if we have any sensible statistics, so I am guessing. As Israel’s economy moved beyond pure agriculture other choices for making a living probably became more attractive. So let’s consider priesthood a tribal calling but of course, humans have a degree of freedom too.

          • Thanks very much for the followup discussion. Your statement that priests were not allowed to have jobs or run businesses struck me as overly broad. Thanks again for explaining further!

      • Finally somoene that has great and clear insight, thank you Prof Pinchas. I agree 100%. Yes we should give, God loves a cheerful giver, but don’t “push” the tithing issue. Give more give no problem. Thanks again

    • I too thought tithing was for the clergy, and they own a car/house nicer than mine. I also had never thought that monetary tithe can be used to alleviate dire human needs like food, clothing, and shelter. I would work at the Soup Kitchen, and donate clothes, that’s my 10%.

      • And how must the pastor survive if he devotes his life to GOD, and help, teach, and provide for the needy people. The church needs money to provide for others. Especially the people that you can not reach or maybe out of meer lack only help where you seem fit.

    • I did not include that example (half-shekel), nor the redemption of the firstborn, nor the giving of the firstborn of all clean animals to the temple. These are all examples of giving to God.

      • Thank prof for the article and further explanations, my question is it wrong to tithe in our present times? Explain to me the part of offering also?
        From Zambia

        • James, in my opinion, it is not wrong to give. How could that be wrong? I just prefer not to call it tithing, because it is not biblical tithing. Actually, in Israel, farmers who believe in God do tithe. They take a portion of their produce, turn it into money (since there is no Temple) and give it as a donation. Otherwise, their produce is not marked as “kosher” by the chief rabbinate.

    • Roberto re half shekel was a temple tax paid by All and the same amount to rich and poor as the Temple needed repairs.

      • It was also, according to my reading, extra-Biblical requirement. YHVH told Aaron/Moses to take a one-time half-shekel tax in connection with a census. By Joash’s time, it was tradition.

        The operational tax may have been necessary (even gold-plated wood rots eventually, right?)( but nevertheless appears man-instituted. [my reading/analysis/opinion, correction welcome)

          • Even if one reads the Ex. 30 instruction as setting a general rule “whenever/every-time you take a census”. 2 Kings 12 and Nehemia 10 seem clear. The tax was being collected separate from a census. Matthew 17 is less clear, but does not mention any census. Likewise in “Shekalim”, no?

          • Yes, the half-shekel developed into a tax, but that is not how it was conceived. After 70 CE Romans appropriated that same tax on Judeans for the temple of Jupiter.

      • My questions are: (1) Is tithe to be paid monthly? That is, if we assume it is still a precept in our time and day. (2) Does the analogy of the new high priest as explained in Hebrew 7 and 8 in support of the tithe or against it?

  2. Thank you Prof for the information. Wow I am learning so much here. There are lots of church debates with regards the Tithe. It is so enlightening to receive this knowledge. Some pastors did not explain enough why should we pay Tithe.

  3. Great lesson about tithing. My family has always given to anyone that needs clothes or food we have even taken in strangers if need be. My mothers training was we are all family through God and Jesus and we must help when needed that is Gods way and Jesus”s compassion for others.

  4. In Genesis 28:22 Jacob makes a vow including a promise to give God a tenth (tithe) of whatever God gives to Jacob. But how was Jacob to give a tithe to God since there were no priests yet in his day?

    • Simple – sacrifice. Just as his ancestors sacrificed to God, so would he, since there are no priests or the temple yet.

      • But he didn’t sacrifice everything God gave him? What about his wives and children? His home? His clothes etc?

        • Dear Chrissie, it is improper to interpret words such as “everything” “noting”, “never”, “always”, “all”, “none” as perfect absolutes. These are general rhetorical devices relevant to “implied” subject, not to be applied in the broadest sense possible. This is one of the key rules of Biblical interpretation. If we do use this rule the Bible will become absolute nonsense.

    • Thandu Go back . reread. God didn’t ask Jacob for anything. Jacob offered God a bargain Increase my flock and protect me and I will pay once. Abraham didn’t. Abram did once and not on his own goods. We need to support those who teach truth. So many don’t

    • If you look at a pastor as a vocation/profession (just like a doctor, electrician or a college professor) – why should they not get paid for their expertise and efforts? All other professionals earn a living. Pastors have families and expenses too.

    • Alma, both my pastor and his wife work probably double the hours ministering to the people of our church than most people do in a job setting. Should they not be compensated when they “spend” themselves for the people of the church? Works out to far less than minimum wage.

      • Thanks Diane for seeing it. I know not all pastors is true of heart. But who do you call at 03h00 in the morning when a relitive die, or when you are in lack of food, when your kids is sick etc. And he will always be there for you. If the unworthy pastors abuse his title it is GOD’s problem, not ours. In giving you obey the WORD

  5. I was raised to believe that everything belongs to GOD and he requires us to give him 10% back in Tithes so the Church can pay bills and function, so that is what I have done all of my life, the Church I am in now gives 15% to homeless.

  6. I found the article is very interesting. I am not sure to agree with the explanation. I have some questions: “No passage in NT forbids pastors to have livelihood outside of charitable donations.” What if does the clergy devote his total time in serving a congregation? How does he live?

    • Naturally, the congregation should support the pastor in this case. There is nothing wrong with that! But pastors are not forbidden from outside employment, while the priests in ancient Israel were forbidden. All I am saying the situation is not exactly the same to make a direct analogy.

      • Most Pastors wouldn’t have time or energy left for another job. There’s more than just the Pastor’s wage to pay though; there’s the costs of a church building, plus any staff like a secretary/admin.

        • Churches are small businesses today. Jesus said His flock will not die out Priests and pastors demand tithes and collect offerings. If they are preaching the truth then God will provide If not then they should die. God can open believers heart to give offerings out of love to God.

  7. Just asking, and do you provided manuscrispt or writen outline for every lecture or topics, for the student as an handouts?

    • We include detailed notes for all classed as PDFs. Anything you see on the screen, we provide as lecture notes. But of course, teachers go “off notes” as they feel necessary.

      • How I wish I could take the classes! I’m 83 and on a budget. Maybe next year. Thanks for these small lessons. I’m so glad for them!

    • Thank you for these articles. I really like all of the comments I don’t always agree with them but read them anyway. they give different ideas and I learn other ways to understand. I copy them into a file to reread over as I learn Truly Appreciate all that efford

  8. I have to agree with you Prof. Shir. When the subject of tithes comes up in one of my sermons or my blog I am reminded of Paul’s comments in 2 Corinthians chapter nine. Giving comes from the heart and is not dictated as a specific amount each time.

  9. As I am a believer, do not have a church home. I have gotten away from tithing and after listening to a preacher on the radio, want to start again but didn’t know where. Her good article and Wii lace to research honest foundations especially for Israel. Thank you.

  10. Wow! Great information. What would be proper tithe of today’s working man who has no land other than a lot for his house?

    • I think you should study the matter, pray about it, and allow the Lord to guide you in what is appropriate. You can ask others in your spiritual community. I cannot take upon myself the responsibility or the authority of telling you what to do exactly. Just keep in mind that biblical tithe is something other. What we (non-farmers) give is an offering.

  11. Thank you for this awesome teaching. It seems some churches today use the 10% as either a whipping post or a promise of prosperity. Giving to the poor and needy is essential, I believe; but lining the pockets of rich pastors is not Scriptural. The widow gave what she could.

  12. Great article; so in essence tithing then can be seen as our service to God, when we put Him first in our lives and honour Him before anything else the rest just follows on. So we don’t “have” to tithe, we “get” to tithe out of our love for Him.

    • Bingo Nicholas! That is the attitude we all should have. Rather than focus on the “obligation” and 10%, let’s realize that giving to the Lord and to his servants is a privilege, honor and a way to show our devotion, whether it be 10% or not! Giving is worship!

  13. Tithe in our church is gathered and sent to the conference to be divided among the pastors. We give ten percent plus offerings.sometimes it is hard, but there is a promise in Malachi 3 that we can claim.

    • Dear Kathy, as I showed you in my article the actual biblical tithe is not 10%. Sorry if that was not clear. And sorry to disappoint, but you can’t really claim the blessing mentioned in Mal 3. I know the TV preachers tell you that you can… It is a part of the Sinai covenant and that is a rather large package which includes many blessings and curses too. You can’t have this one blessing alone. If you want the blessing, you must accept the responsibilities as well. This is what Israel did at the foot of Sinai. But the good news is… you can worship God by giving because you love him and he has already done so much for you!

      • What a wonderful response and a great article. All my life I have struggled with giving what I was able and it not being 10% as directed by pastors from my youth. You have certainly eased my burden.

  14. You appear to have cut in from somewhere without mentioning Abraham with whom a tenth giving was first mentioned. Can you tell us that Christ abolished, discountenanced tithing?

    • I deliberately did not mention Abraham’ example, because the tithe he gave was quite different. In my opinion, no one abolished anything. Tithing to the Aaronic priests/temple is a stipulation of the Sinai covenant, which was never meant to be literally binding on all citizens of the world but on Israel and the land which God gave them. The principle is valid anywhere, but the form was given to ancient Israel.

      • Abraham didn’t tithe . Abram did and it obviously wasn’t the tithe in the OT. it was from the spoils of war not food and God did not ask. Mentioned once. Jacob offered tithes if God protected and gave good harvests God did not ask. WE are to give generously.

  15. The first time I see tithing in the Bible, is when Abraham met Melchizedek.
    he was a priest of God Most High. 19He blessed him and said, “Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth;

  16. The first time I see tithing in the Bible, is when Abraham met Melchizedek and recognized.
    he was a priest of God Most High. 19He blessed him and said, “Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth;

    • Yes, and he gave him the spoils of war, not money 🙂 In antiquity, people with lesser rights (foreigners like Abraham) paid such taxes to those who were landowners (local rulers).

  17. Tithing is a big problem in today churches as it is not explained the same, especially that it concerns money, can you explain how we should tithe with money please prof.

    • As I showed you the “biblical tithe” is not currency and not even a 10%. But even non-farmers can give an offering, and we can be as generous as we choose to be because the bigger principle behind the tithing commandment is worshiping God by supporting those who dedicate themselves wholly to the work of God.

      • Wow Prof, the more you give explanation, the more my spirit enlighten. Thank you so much. Words that we received from our leaders scares us because of Thithe. You will be tell that you will be cursed or God will be angry with you not paying His 10%.

          • Please prof, allows me this comment with respect to you. True there is those that abuse their congegation. I grew up in Mal.3:9-10, and we were taught we are cursed because of not paying 10%. That was not abused on their part, even I taught my congegation that, and all due to lack of knowledge. They did not know Kedibone, we all grew up in that sense. I am 16years now in the ministry and not taking a salary, but pastors have to live, and they devoted their lives in doing good, they do deserve to live with some little pudding aswell

          • I believe pastors who devote their time to serve the congregation should be compensated if it is possible. Some congregations cannot and so pastors volunteer. If a congregation is capable but does not see it as a priority, then they do not deserve such devotion and perhaps the pastor’s commitment should be redirected elsewhere. He may be serving a flock that does not know her shepherd. In my mind, this matter is completely unrelated to the levitical and temple tithes. That’s just my take, because my theological perspective does not allow me to corss-borrow bits and pieces of text from here to there and to apply them selectively to modern structures. I am rigid like this, but there are good reasons for such borderlines.

  18. Thanks and God bless. What about after giving to the needy and the downtrodden around us and supporting the work of the church, do I need to still pay tithe? Thanks

  19. Finally someone making sense. Our family was called to the priesthood 15 years ago we left all behind as both firstborns to follow Yehsua Hamasiach. You are a priest foreva acc 2 the order of Melchizedek. Id love to share the comments & learn more from prof Pinchas?

  20. What? No comments on Malachi about a man robbing God? Nothing confusing there… and Malachi 3:10? What about accepting God’s challenge to prove him?

    • Dear Paul, please understand the context… Israel has a covenant with God to support the priests. That same covenant guarantees them prosperity in the promised land if they continue to be faithful. Not tithing to the priests in the temple is neglecting those duties. So God’s challenge through the prophet – be faithful, uphold the Sinai covenant and I will be faithful accordingly. These are all covenant promises and the only way to get these “blessings” is to be faithful in observing everything the book of Deuteronomy outlines, not just the tithe…

  21. Thank you very much prof. for the concise explanations given about the tithe in the modern context and all the bible references associated with it. However, i would like if you throw more light on Hebrew chapters 7 and 8 as it relates to the new covenant in Christ.

    • As you can see from the article the biblical tithe is much more than 10%, plus its always in crops, not money, meant to be eaten. Giving is commendable, but let’s not full ourseves, most of us do not practice giving in “biblical proportions”

  22. Christians have no business paying tithe. We are obliged to give freewill offerings of what we have to the Church to be used as deemed fit including care and support of Ministers. There’s nowhere, absolutely nowhere Christians in the New Testament were asked to pay tithe even routine offerings.

  23. Thank you for this great information. For myself, I feel called to follow in the footsteps of Abraham who is the father of our Faith. He tithed to Melchizedek before the law was established. Now I tithe to the eternal High Priest. God has blessed me amazingly. He’s faithful!

    • Abraham did tithe the spoils of war, as a one-time act to Melchizedek, in recognition of his victory. It was a social custom in his day, not a commandment.

    • Thank you! That’s exactly why I tithe too. Mel was the High Priest for Abram, and Jesus is our High Priest. That’s all I needed to know. I’m so glad to see that some other believer sees it like I do.

  24. There are verses about tithing gold and silver. Jesus said tithing shouldn’t be left undone. It’s a picture. As the Terumah was lifted high and placed in the hands of the priest, Jesus was lifted up and given to the hands of his Father (both Firstfruits). We should tithe.

    • You are correct, David, but the gold and silver were one-time gifts given in the wilderness for the construction of the Mishkan. After which God commanded to tithe crops.

    • There is no mention of tithing there. In 1 Cor 16:2 Paul calls the collection a “gift” – χάρις. He also mentions setting aside IF (ἐὰν) one has prospered in v.2. And this gift is delivered to Jerusalem. It is for the holy ones (τοὺς ἁγίους) v.1. i.e. for the Jewish believers in Israel, for the poor, not a temple tithe.

      • In the New Testament, I think one can tithe out of grace but not under the law. It shouldn’t be a command but through gratefulness for what Christ has done for us. I believe that the New Testament Christians give more than tenth to support God’s work.

    • I can see the logic, but there is no priesthood to give it to… For Israel, the tithe was a matter of covenant faithfulness and it is tied to the covenant promises.

  25. Thanks for your knowledge & insight. What do you think about tax deductible giving? Do do you think this violates Jesus’ s teaching in Matt. 6: 3-4. “…let not thy left hand know what thy right hand does. 4. That thy alms may be in secret and thy Father ….

    • As far as Yeshua’s teaching about secretive giving… the intent is so that your community does not know about the charity, because that elevates you in their eyes. It also makes the one who receives feel indebted. But if the donation is anonymous, then there is no praise to the giver and no awkwardness for the one who receives, especially if they are from the same community. This has nothing to do with reporting giving on tax forms because the idea is not to deny giving, but simply not to disclose it in community.

    • Not a tithe, but charity or benevolence for sure. Helping anyone in a tangible way would be considered giving, but not a tithe, really.

  26. Thank you sir for taking time to explain biblical tithing in details.
    My local church requires everyone to give 1/10 of their monthly income as tithe, and it is preached that whoever fails to pay is rather robbing God.
    Do you have any word for my church?

    • I could say a few words, but I probably should not. It is not my place to judge the leaders of the church that use Mal 3 this way. There is nothing wrong with giving to a worthy cause. Sorry, brother, but my job is not to criticize people, but rather help those who want to learn God’s wisdom to understand God’s instructions better. I hope you understand my hesitation.

  27. Hi Prof. Gen 28:20-22 is used by Christians as a reason for tithing. This happened before Num 18, where God instructed Israel to support Levites. What is your take?

    • I can also use this same verse as a prooftext to justify the practice of building churches on the very sight of visions or dreams about God… LOL. Is that what this text really about? No, this is a description of Jacob’s encounter with the God of his father Isaac, whom here merely promises to honor is the way servants honored their Lords. Just as with Abraham and Melchizedek, this is a common social custom. Nothing is being commanded here, actually. But taking an example from Jacob or Abraham is not wrong at all. The idea of honoring God through giving is valid but not because of this verse.

  28. Many things in Scripture were meant from God to Israel and have nothing to do with the Church,including the Sabbath. We are to give out of a pure heart,not begrudgingly….

  29. Tithing is not applicable to the New Testament church simply because there is none assigned to give and take tithe. In the OT Levites were not given any piece of land when it was given out to the remaining 11 tribes. It became the responsibility of them to take care

  30. the Levites. When Jesus assign the mission, they were told that freely you received freely you give. However, church is not free from giving. We are asked to share one to the none even if we have only two. I.e 50% is to be shared.

  31. I think that in giving one tenth of our total income we acknowledge that everything belongs to the Lord and in giving one tenth of our total income to God, we trust and honor Him. I then ask Him to show me how He wants me to give His money.

  32. I have been through very tight circumstances with my two children, but always my Father has helped me out.
    If I am still alive when my money runs out, I have to wait and see how He takes care of me. I am 90 now.

    • Wow, the Lord blessed you with 90 years. I pray he will give you health and strength as you continue to bear witness to his goodness.

  33. One scripture confuses me re tithing. Deuteronomy 14:22-26. If you live too far away, exchange produce for money and when you get to Jerusalem, spend it on what your heart desires and eat it there. Did they eat their own tithe?

    • Yes, Diane, the second tithe (not the first) is used for the benefit of the worshiper and his family, to facilitate participation in corporate worship in Jerusalem. I know no one teaches in the church these days that tithes can be used for the worshiper’s benefit, but then no one teaches about the second tithe either. 🙂

  34. My understanding has recently become to view the heart behind it as with all of Jesus’ “third way” teachings. So then I would consider a terumah to bless my spiritual oversight (pastor/priest), 10% to support my community (church or local fellowship) and 10% in savings for my family as another form of worship/obedience.

    Then if tzedakah is “righteousness displayed”, generosity for the poor should come about morr than just every 3rd tithe to myself/family but the heart of it being a lifestyle of generosity; which I should try to do as often as is wise to do and are directed by the Spirit.

    Also, I’ve always understood the levitical tithe was of produce and never money, but have observed the (mishnah’s?) flexibility for far off diaspora Jews who could not make it in time to give appropriate tithes/offerings (or food might spoil on the journey) so they could give the monetary value instead?

    Is this perhaps the guiding principle where tithing has transmuted into more of a financial form to support your church community in modern times? Or would you consider it closer to a “temple tax” in its modern forms?

    I would also be interested in comments around the concepts of “eye of darkness/light” in antiquity that supposedly referred to those electing the lesser 1/50th terumah showing less light (generosity) than those electing the 1/30th….Was it a Hillel vs Shammei argument? I haven’t yet gone that deep into the study but am interested to hear other commentary on it.

    • I like you thinking, Shaun. Very reasoned. I will start with your last comment. As far as the eye (dark/light) goes I do not think this is about the terumah, I think that is a reference to overall charity and benevolence, a human disposition, period. And you are right with times the concept of tithing produce has changed into “general support of worship institution and its servants”, which is still within the spirit of what the Torah teaches. Third year tithe could be spread out over time. I do not think it happened once per 3 years.

      • Thank you for your considered reply and the time it took to prepare, write and respond to this thread!

        I had meant to include the broader context for eye of darkness/light too, but was trying to keep it on topic haha But absolutely agree and am glad to hear the concept validated as I’ve not heard much on the topic.

        As for the tzedakah, my understanding was it could be applied to as often as you tithed….so if a weekly wage, you’d give to charitable causes at least once a month and if a monthly wage then you’d probably give quarterly in line with tradition?

        But I’d purposed in my heart to do always do greater than that wherever possible anyways. My asking isn’t for justification of my own practice, but more to ensure accurate language when teaching others. Thank you again for your time professor. Grace and peace.

    • Shaun. Greeting. Suggest you go back and reread that part on money. They sold the food then went to Jerusalem And used that money for food and drink and for what they desired at the feast. No money as tithes went to the temple

  35. I am often convicted of not giving my full 10%. I always give regardless but since my husband took his life fnd finances always tight due to bad spending. George Muller also confuses me as claims we need to be financially free to tithe or am i looking for excuses

    • I cannon comment on George Muller. But I do know that you should listen to the Lord and pay attention when you are convicted by him (not by people). Please do not be guided by peer pressure or guilt, but by his Spirit, self-control, and a sound mind. My advice is to be sensitive and sensible.

  36. shalom prof. Pinchas Shir. wonderful revelation from The Father and His Word . Nobody should confuse you. Keep the light on.Luke 7:28 do we know the will of our Father in His kingdom? why do Gods children want to keep back a ninth when we are called to love, share,serve,care

  37. I am a pastor for 13years now, and dont take money from church to survive, but encourage church to pay tigh, like you said the levites exchanged harvest again for money, you must pay tigh cause only your way of earnings changed, how must those full time pastors survive?

    • There is absolutely nothing wrong with people supporting religious institutions and there is nothing wrong with professionals getting paid for the work they do. But I would rather people simply stop drawing parallels between the church and levitical services in the temple. Similar, but not the same in many regards.

      • Amen to that Prof. I love your work, thank you for approve my comments. May HASHEM bestow all HIS grace, love and peace upon you and IBC

  38. It is very sad that some churches remove persons from positions or prevent them from actively participating in services when they dont tithe.

  39. This has always been an interesting topic for discussion. As was stated, it referred to agricultural produce giving. It is difficult, or impossible, to directly translate this to money, especially in a non-agrarian society. Tithe is translated: tenth. I believe in our modern context of giving to the Lord this can be a principle for our giving, usually to support a local assembly/church (ekklesia). We must give out of a joyful heart and a tenth of our income is also a reminder that all our assets and income belong to the Lord! Giving above this level, in my opinion, is an offering to the Lord.

  40. 10% of gross income? LOL!! That is all the profit we make !!! If we gave 10% of gross income,we would have no profit at all!!!!—–How can one even live on no income? T

  41. Why emphasize so much on agricultural products? It was practically the only source of income. Also, were the tithes solely for religious purposes? I suspect they played an important part in all kinds of social services: schools,health,poor. The taxes we pay today, were they not part of the ancient tithes?

    • Why? Because the Bible does. Though some similarities are there on the surface tithes and taxes are not the same, not in the Bible. Imagine a blacksmith, who owned no land. Imagine a weaver, who buys raw products and makes finished textiles. Imagine a mason or a fisherman. The way they gave to the temple in antiquity is quite different.

    • There is nothing primitive about the Messiah’s followers in Acts. They shared all things because they were fully convinced they will not need those things going forward. Messiah would return long before they would need those resources.

    • I’m so glad that you’re a part of our forum. Don’t stop here though. Now that you’ve seen the tremendous spiritual value you’re receiving, what stops you from getting equipped even more? I think you should start with either Biblical Hebrew I: First Steps or . Are you with me?

  42. Colleen Much as far as I know there is not a pdf on the comments, but you can try screenshot, this is interesting stuff. And if you can join in, these studys are awesome, this is only a meer .05% of what is discussed and taught in IBC.

  43. Hello, we have evolved since the writing of the Torah and most people are not farmers today so I think G-d provided us with wisdom enough to comprehind the transition so we tithe money and the concept is still the same. It just takes wisdom & understanding. Shalom.

  44. I really appreciate this article. God wants a cheerful giver and many reasons have been discussed in the article and comments why a percentage is not Biblical. I find it really interesting that some people have never thought about giving beyond their own church, or only think in the Western world context. I have become aware of or involved with several ministries that support persecuted Christians or local pastors in very poor parts of the world. Most of those pastors have to work on the side as there is not enough money to feed his family. I was told once that if every Western Christian gave at 10% of someone on disability and that money was used to feed the hungry, that there would be no starving people in this world. I have no idea that this is true, but one reason for the debate on tithing is that far too many claiming the name of Christ live for self. I am on disability. I tithe to my home church, but also support an impoverished child in Kenya so he can go to school and support other ministries here and there. We need to discuss the heart of giving. We give because without redemption in Christ we have nothing, we are nothing. Everything we have came from God. God loves the poor! When we see someone (even halfway around the globe) in need of food and shelter and continue to ignore it, in James/Jacob 2:15-17 we are challenged that faith without deeds is dead! So Prof Shir is helping us to see the focus on a specific amount is not Biblical. Let us all give cheerfully as much as we can to see the gap close between our wealth and the poverty of others, especially our brethren suffering extreme poverty because of persecution or famine. Rich pastors and evangelists don’t need more money, but the poor pastors in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East need it desperately for themselves and to assist them in advancing the Gospel.

  45. One article I read talked about tithing our time for prayer and spiritual activities. So the Breviary, meditation, spiritual reading and liturgies would make it as tithing of our waking hours, say around 16 hours sop the would be about 1.6 hours or 96 minutes. Religious communities do it.

  46. Nowhere in the New Testament does Paul teach the Gentile church to tithe. If tithing were a New Testament requirement then Paul would surely have made this very clear. He didn’t – not once!

  47. I believe “giving” whether it’s 10% or “offering” more or beyond the tithe is a spiritual matter of the heart. It could be monetary, or one’s time, food, goods, etc. Whatever G-d/puts on your heart! (Luke 6:38) Or, like the woman with the “mite” who gave all…

  48. Very interesting article about tithing. I was taught early on that a tenth of one’s gross income was to be given in support of the clergy. I had never thought that monetary tithe can be used to alleviate dire human needs like food, clothing, and shelter.

  49. From Redeeming God.Israel (1:6; 2:1), and the sons of Levi (3:3). And what is it these priests are doing? They sneer at the commands of God, saying such things are “weariness” (1:13). They bring contemptible offerings to God, animals that are stolen, sick, and lame (1:13). They exploit wage earners

  50. Prof. Pinchas Shir Heard years ago but forgot where. And specifically Eliashib, who were removing the tithes and offerings from the storehouse for their own personal gain. Yet part is to sow then God would add the increase with sun and rain. Pretty bad when a typo on my name

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