The Second Book of Enoch was not really written by the Enoch we know from Genesis, yet it offers a unique window into the ancient world in the time of Jesus.  2 Enoch was never included among biblical canons of Judaism or Christianity, but its words resonate with the teachings of the Bible. The text originated some time during the first three centuries CE and it has interesting parallels with the New Testament. For example, compare Jesus’ teaching on oaths and your “yes” meaning “yes” (Matt 5:33-37) with Enoch’s ideas below. Also compare what Enoch says with Jesus’ comment that “the meek inherit the earth” (Matt 5:5) or about enduring undeserved persecutions for God’s sake (Matt 5:11-12). The ethics expressed in the Sermon on the Mount are remarkably similar to the Jewish ethics expressed in 2 Enoch. Read on and compare for yourself…

Chapter 49: 1. I swear to you, my children, but I swear not by any oath, neither by heaven nor by the earth, nor by any other creature which God created. 2. The Lord said: There is no oath in me, nor injustice, but only truth. 3. If there is no truth in men, let them swear by the words, Yes, yes, or else, No, no. 4. And I swear to you, yes, yes, that there has not been a person in his mother’s womb, as before, even to each one there is a place prepared for the tranquility of that soul, and a measure is fixed how much one is intended to have that a man may be tested in this world. 5. Yes, children, do not deceive yourselves, for there has been previously prepared a place for the soul of every person.

Chapter 50: 1. I have put every man’s work in writing and none born on earth can remain hidden nor his works remain concealed. 2. I see all things. 3. Now my children, spend the number of your days in patience and meekness, that you inherit endless life. 4. Endure for the sake of the Lord every wound, every injury, every evil word and attack. 5. If terrible things come to you, do not seek to do those things either to a neighbor or to your enemy, because the Lord will be your avenger on the day of great judgment, that there be no avenging here among men. 6. Whoever spends gold or silver for his brother’s sake, he will receive ample treasure in the world to come for his effort. 7. Do not ask things of widows or orphans or strangers, or God’s wrath may come upon you.

Chapter 51: 1. Stretch out your hands to the poor according to your strength. 2. Hide not your silver in the earth. 3. Help the faithful in affliction, and affliction will not find you in the time of your trouble. 4. And every grievous and cruel yoke that comes upon you bear all for the sake of the Lord, and thus you will find your reward in the day of judgment. 5. It is good to enter in morning, midday, and evening into the Lord’s dwelling, for the glory of your creator. 6. Because every breathing thing glorifies him, and every creature visible (physical) and invisible (spiritual) returns him praise. (2 Enoch 49-51)



  1. Please I want ask something which have been bordering me fo a while now.
    Does jesus ever exist and if yes was he really conceived by spirit or by man?
    • Samuel, Jesus is a real historical figure and this fact is embraced by the scientific community. Whether he was conceived by the spirit is a matter of faith. Because such matters cannot be scientifically ascertained many people do not believe them. The gospel stories are closest and earliest witnesses of Jesus, so if any source can tell us anything that is true about him, then its the gospels. Read them and judge for yourself.

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    • Hi Samuel, In my studies of ancient civilizations Jesus is a prominent fiqure. From Him the world received knowledge of Iarael's God and Messiah. While hiatory may make no claims to his Divinity; we find in the stories of the Patriarch's that when God brings forth a special person He does so utilizing virgin wounds (as in no other birth came from it) before the Patriarchs from barren wounds, and Jesus' immaculate conception from a woman who never had any sexual relations, were born. Food for thought.
  2. The Beatitudes. Thanks to the Dead Sea Scrolls, we know that the literary genre of the beatitude predates Jesus. At least one scroll includes this presentation style for Wisdom literature:
  3. [1] “Bles[sed] are those who rejoice in her [Wisdom], and do not burst out in insane paths. Blessed are those who search for her with pure hands, and do not pursue her with a treacherous heart. Blessed is the man who attains Wisdom, and walks in the law of the Most High, and directs his heart to her ways” (4Q525 2 ii 3 2–4).
  4. This literary genre is also found in Sirach 14:1–2. 20–21, an apocryphon written around 190 BC: “Blessed is anyone who meditates on wisdom, and reasons with intelligence, who studies her ways in his heart, and ponders her secrets” (Sirach 14:20–21; The New Jerusalem Bible).
  5. David Bivin’s ‘New Light on the Difficult Words of Jesus’ provides wonderful insight into Yeshua’s formal training of the Tora & other Jewish Scriptures , something that all Jewish young men had to do.
    • We do not know when exactly it was written because we do not have any copies of the original to judge by. It is unlikely that it was copied the NT. Most people from that era would not have had access to NT and would not be familiar with its text. I am doubtful NT was a reference for the author(s) of 2 Enoch.
  6. Prof. Pinchas,Thank you for sharing this from the book of Enoch. Just from reading this, it makes me wonder why it was not included in the Bible. Perhaps because the certainty of the author was the reason? I remember when I was a child ,an older woman taught my Sunday School class. She mentioned how much she loved the book of Maccabees.She would say," Now this book is not in your bible". I never got a good answers as to why the book was not in the Bible. I pretty much focused more on New Testament.But these studies open my eyes to connections from the Old Testament. It makes a difference for sure. I appreciate your lessons very much.
    • Judy, you should take the time to study the process of canonization and how and why some books were in and others were out. The canon-bulders had tradition, criteria, and rules and many books simply did not pass the bar for various reasons. That does not make these books useless or unhelpful in the study of antiquity in contexts. They provide us more background...

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    • We are very happy that you’ve joined our discussion forum. Would you believe that these articles are only a taste of what Israel Bible Center has to offer? We also provide comprehensive teaching on a variety of biblical, historical, and cultural topics. You might begin with Stories of the Jewish Church I: Acts 1-5 or The First Commandment: Deuteronomy in the Gospels. You’ll be amazed at the Jewish world that awaits you. Don’t delay another minute: enroll now!
    • Judy, interesting comment about Maccabees. In fact, I was just reading a bio of Menachem Begin in which it was mentioned that in one of Churchill's influential speeches at the beginning of WW 2, he quoted from Maccabees. I was intrigued that he chose Maccabees (included in the Apocrypha in my New English translation) instead of a different passage of the Hebrew Bible. I credited this to Churchill's eclectic and prodigious reading and memory, and his refusal to fit into any boxes, combined with the aptness of the quote. I too have Maccabees on my to-read list.

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    • Actually, in English his name is Jesus. Naturally, that is now how his mom would have addressed him in Hebrew. But we are not speaking Hebrew at the moment! And the general convention of communication (with well-known non-English names) is to adapt the names to whatever language one is speaking at the moment.

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    • Jamie, Before I started addressing God as Yahweh & Jesus as Yeshua, my prayers being answer or communication with THEM was never a problem. So, what does this mean? I believe that THEIR true name is neither. Why? Because both names were given us (humans) for us to be able

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  7. ‘Judge not and ye shall not be judged’,linked with, ‘Love embraces all things,’ says something about humanity on its journey towards perfection.
    This is reflected in our exclusive behaviour and choices.
  8. I want to be a lover of Truth (2 Thess 2:10)...
    From his research, Lee White in Fossilized Customs ".. the closest Hebrew word to the Greek 'sus'( JeSUS) is soos meaning HORSE.
    ...John 5:43 I have come in My Father's Name: Yah
    ...the Hebrew term for 'save' =SHUA: YAHUSHUA"
    • I am sorry, Ruth, but what you are citing is linguistic baloney... Greek Ἰησοῦς (iesous) is not related to Engish "Jesus" and certainly not to Hebrew סוּס "horse" Whoever wrote this does not understand how languages work. It's like me claiming that your name means "roots" because it sounds like it in English, while in reality, it is a Hebrew name רוּת that means somethign like "beauty", nothing to do with how Greek or English sounds.

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