“Let Us Kiss Enoch” – an Excerpt from Second-Century BCE Jewish Literature – 2 Enoch 64-65

1 And it came about, when Enoch had spoken to his children and to the princes of the people, that all his people and all his neighbors heard that the LORD was calling Enoch. And they all consulted one another, saying, “Let us go and let us kiss Enoch.” 2 And they gathered together, up to two thousand men, and they arrived at the place Azukhan where Enoch was, and his sons, 3 and the elders of the people. And they kissed Enoch, 4 saying, “Blessed is the LORD, the eternal king. Bless now your people, and glorify ‹us› to the face of the LORD. 5* For the LORD has chosen you, to appoint you to be the one who reveals, who carries away our sins.”

6 |And| Enoch answered his people, saying: 1 “Listen, my children! Before all things existed, (and) before all creation came about, the LORD established the age of creation, and after that he created all his creation, visible and invisible. 2* And after all that he created man according to his image, and put in him eyes to see, ears to hear, heart to think, and reason to argue. 3 Then the LORD delivered the age for the sake of man, and he divided it into times: 4* and into hours. so that a person might think about the |changes| of the periods and their ends, the beginnings and the endings of the years and the months and the days and the hours, and so that he might |calculate| the death of his own life.

6 When the whole of creation, which the LORD has created, shall come to an end, and when each person will go to the LORD’s great judgment, 7 then the time periods will perish, and there will be neither years nor months nor days, and hours will no longer be counted; 8 But they will constitute a single age. And all the righteous, who escape from the LORD’s great judgment, will be collected together with the great age. And ‹the age› at the same time will unite with the righteous, and they will be eternal. 9 And there will be among them neither weariness nor suffering nor affliction nor expectation of violence nor the pain of the night nor darkness. 10 But they will have a great light for eternity, ‹and› an indestructible wall, and they will have a great paradise, the shelter of an eternal residence. 11* How happy are the righteous who will escape the LORD’s great judgment, for their faces will shine forth like the sun. (2 Book of Enoch 64-65 – First Century BCE)

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31 COMMENTS

  1. Shalom. I have this book and have read it before. It is very comforting. Enoch is an ancestor of Noah, Shem and Abraham etc. Thank you for sharing this.

  2. All the questions about how can God know the future and not be responsible for the evils that come are answered here. We live with past present and future, God does not. He is outside of time. He created time for us. Beyond our comprehension. Only the God of Scripture is outside of time and outside of creation.

    • Dear Vince, a text like this would have been read and even studied by Apostle Paul, by Jesus, by Timothy and John. John the Baptist would have been familiar with it and many other Jews in that era. I hope you realize that ancient Jews read many texts besides the canonical Bible. 🙂 Just like today, we may read New York Times, Shakespeare, Charles Spurgeon, and Albert Einstein. We would not even agree with everything they say, but these books may be a part of our world, part of how we think and speak and express ourselves in 2019. If one wants to understand the ancient writers, it will help to read what they read.

      • Great answer. I read Enoch-thought it gave some good insight. Also read the apocrypha. There’s a passage in 4 Esdras describing endtimes that seems like a page out of today’s headlines. Of course these aren’t canonical, but since I’ve read these, I see Jesus and apostles sometimes mention things found in these books that many people aren’t aware, are actually concepts found in them. Jesus said when we die we will be like the angels-not given into Marriage. The OT never says that. Enoch does. Jesus even says “Have you not read the writings? (when he refers to this passage)

      • Even if some of Enoch is not God-breathed or contradicts canonical script, does not mean that all of it is. It can contain truth. I like the part where it explains the fallen angels, the Nephilim.

        • I always propose to view various ancient texts historical sources, windows into the ancient world. They may not teach us all that is true and good, but they help us to see the antiquity in its natural context. Those who wish to discard them simply because they are not “canonical” should avoid read biographies, historical novels, read newspapers, magazines and avoid the internet all consts – because all of these sources of information sway us from God’s truth as well. But they help us make sense of what is happening around us.

  3. Prof. Shir,

    I do not understand the part where the people say that Enoch is the one to carry away their sins… much of this sounds like other scripture, but this is a troubling statement.

    • This is not a canonical book. But this passage illustrates that some Jews in that day were familiar with the theological idea of another person (a Messiah?) who can carry away their sins. So the next time someone tells you that ancient Jews did not believe this and Christians came up with this idea, you can show them that some in fact did. 🙂

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      • Joy & Prof Shir,
        Inline w/ your reply to Joy about vs 5, (5* For the LORD has chosen you, to appoint you to be the one who reveals, who carries away our sins.”)(Surely a Messianic implication) I think the comma after “reveals” is key. To me, the comma pause implies that you could insert the words: “the one” there. So that the vs is suggesting that Enoch would be the one to reveal “the one” “who carries away our sins.” What do you think sir, out in left field?

        • Sorry to disappoint, John, but the ancient texts in Hebrew and Greek did not have any punctuation marks. Those things developed much, much later after biblical times. The punctuation we have in translations are suggestions of the translators and we should not make a big deal about them. 🙂

  4. Sir, your comment regarding to Vince’s enquire (the availability of additional texts) is spot-on. Regarding the NT it is suggested by a number of scholars that, as Christianity spread, some “false” texts were purposefully created by the authorities at the time. The gospel of Mary is considered to be an example. The aim, obviously, was to destabilise the spread as mentioned. Are you aware of any particular scripts that would qualify and more importantly, how is there to be distinguished between the “propaganda” scripts and the “real” ones. I do not suggest that 2 Enoch is a contested tested piece.

  5. Dear John You’re absolutely correct. I agree with you because I believe that’s actually what its supposed to mean (the way you’ve phrased it) and not the way originally mentioned as Enoch was obviously not the one to carry away our sins. If punctuation marks weren’t there in the times when these scripts were written, then it has been done by translators and we are not called to blindly follow something that we know is incorrect. We know that ONLY JESUS is the one who carried away our sins and HE ALONE is the MESSIAH.

  6. The Book of Enoch is so thought-provoking…helps me to see “outside the box”…to view G_D in bigger terms than before. I’ve read Enoch 3 or 4 times. I honestly believe, if I had never seen a Bible…I could have found CHRIST in the Book of Enoch. I just wish the full Aramaic version found in the Dead Sea Scrolls could be translated for us to enjoy the text in it’s entirety…instead of the fragments we are familiar with. Bless you…for bringing the book to our thoughts!

    • There are many wonderful and quite spiritual works that come from the Second Temple era. Enoch is truly something and I understand why you are fond of it. Unfortunately, many Jewish books did not survive in Hebrew and Aramaic but in Greek. So whatever fragments we have, we are fortunate.

  7. Prof. Shir, I was surprised by the last words in v. 5, “the one to carry away sin”. Would you comment please?

    • I am not an expert on Enoch, but as far as I know in apocalyptic literature Enoch is a Messiah figure. He is caught up to heaven and becomes like an angel and like Messiah. This is similar to how angel Metatron is treated in a Messiah and godlike terms. Some link Enoch and Metatron.

  8. As I know the book of Enoch is written one or two centuries BCE. Who do you think wrote this book? And what is the connection with Enoch himself?

    • No connection with biblical Enoch. It was written as if he wrote it, which was normal in that time and in that genre.

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  9. If we take the 1st Chaprer Genises… The 1st Chapter of Psalms, ….the 1st Chapter of Matthew and continue with the same Books the 3 above / Then chapter 2.3.4 ect… the end of your Chapters Genisis to Revelation will all be combined and make sense to the human race.

  10. If we could REALY UNDERSTAND THE EXCELLENCY OF JESUS CHRIST WE WOULD NEVER ASK QUESTION.. MY MAMA TAUGHT US, WHEN FASTING DON’T ASK FOR ANYTHING.. RATHER ASK GOD TO HELP YOU UNDERSTAND HIS HOLY TENDER LOVE, GOD WANTS US TO BE BESOTTED IN LOVE WITH HIM..ANDALL WILL BE ADDED TOYOU

  11. While reading dead sea scrolls this year, I’ve read portions of Enoch included in them, and I am thrilled to share that the Holy Spirit Confirmation I feel (undescribable, though) is awesome. Even on this site. The still, small voice screams, through these Holy Scriptures. God bless your ministry.

  12. I also have the books of Enoch and have read them several times. Like you said professor, I too enjoy reading the ancient writings of the disciples that didn’t make it into the Bible. The gospel of Mary. The gospel of Thomas. Thank you for your insight.

    • The Gospels of Mary and Thomas are far from the apostolic era (based on my knowledge) and express some ideas which are too far from Jewish thinking. That is the reason I do not find too much value in them and doubt they have Jewish authors. But I am willing to consider if anyone can show me that their message upholds the Torah and Jewish worldview the same way the canonical gospels do. I keep an open mind, only not so optimistic about these works in particular.

  13. I’ve read Prof. your insight with regards to Enoch and I can see that you prepared very well to be able to answer our questions. Is it right for me to say that to just follow gospels without understanding Enoch may lead one to misunderstand some concepts mentioned in Enoch

    • Enoch literature was known to many Jews of that era. I would say it helps in the understanding of many eschatological aspects of the gospels. Where it is most helpful, it seems is Revelation.

    • We are very happy that you’ve joined our discussion forum. Would you believe that these articles are only a taste of what Israel Bible Center has to offer? We also provide comprehensive teaching on a variety of biblical, historical, and cultural topics. You might begin with Biblical Hebrew I: First Steps or . You’ll be amazed at the Jewish world that awaits you. Don’t delay another minute: enroll now!

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