Anyone who has read past the first pages of the Bible knows that Adam and Eve were the only people in Eden. After the two eat of the forbidden fruit, the man and woman are cast out of the garden. While humans are barred from going back to Eden, God has a habit of bringing that primordial paradise to humanity. For instance, when Hagar flees into the wilderness, she and Ishmael find themselves close to dehydration. At this point of desperation, the arid desert begins to look like lush Eden and, just as the Lord clothed Adam and Eve, God intervenes again for two people in need of protection.

After the birth of Isaac, Abraham and Sarah send away Hagar and Ishmael into the “wilderness of Beersheba” (Genesis 21:14). It’s not long before Hagar’s skin of water is gone and the two are at the mercy of the desert sun. In an apparent attempt to offer Ishmael some shade, Hagar “put the child under one of the bushes (שׂיחם; sichim)” (21:15). At this point, Beersheba begins to remind the reader of the world just before Eden, “when no bush (שׂיח; siach) of the field was let in the land” (Genesis 2:5). In all of Genesis, these are the only two verses that refer to a “bush” (שׂיח; siach). For Hagar, bushes are in the land, and her use of this divine gift parallels the herbage that appears once God establishes Eden.

Just before God plants the first garden, “a mist was going up from the land and was watering (השׁקה; hishqah) the whole face of the ground” (Genesis 2:6). The Hebrew root-word for “watering” is שׁקה (shaqah), which means “to drink”—and this is exactly the same word that’s used when Hagar gives Ishmael a drink from the well in the wilderness: “She saw a well of water… and she filled the skin with water, and she watered (שׁקה; shaqah) the child” (Genesis 21:19). In order for Hagar to see this well, “God opened her eyes” (21:19); similarly, the first humans’ “eyes were opened” in Eden after eating the forbidden fruit (3:7; cf. 3:5). The important difference is that “God” (אלהים; Elohim) opens Hagar’s eyes for her salvation, while Adam and Eve open their own eyes before their expulsion. Given her own little Eden, Hagar relies on God rather than herself.

Finally, after God saves Hagar and Ishmael from Beersheba, Abraham plants a tree there: “Abraham planted (נצב; natsav) a tamarisk tree in Beersheba and called there on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God” (Genesis 21:33). In making this agricultural addition in Beersheba, Abraham echoes God’s greenery in Eden: “The Lord God planted (נצב; natsav) a garden in Eden, and there he put the human whom he had formed” (2:8). For Hagar and Ishmael, the wilderness of Beersheba becomes their own Eden. By recalling descriptions from the first garden in Hagar’s story, Scripture shows that God’s saving presence can turn barrenness to bliss.




  1. God can do anything.Whatever God did to provide for Hagar & Ishmael ,shows His love compassion & power. I have wondered if Eden ,a paradise, has always been present but our human eyes can no longer see it. So could she have been to the actual garden of eden? The earth was the footstool of God & He could still have used it or visited the garden. Psalms 68 :mentions a Mt.of God is the mountain of Basham where he dwells at. The tree of life of life is in the paradise of God.Rev 2:7 & Rev 22 Describes a river flowing from the throne of God & on each side of the river stood the tree of life bearing 12 crops of fruit.The leaves heal the nations there will no longer be the curse. I think we were taught or were to assume that the tree of life will be in heaven ,which would mean God moved it there from the garden.
    • I think Eden is a spiritual place where man was in perfect harmony with God. After the fall of man the spiritual eyes were closed and he only operated in the flesh. And that’s why Jesus Christ was sent to die for our sins to make us righteous with God.

      + More answers (1)
    • Thanks for your question, Yolanda. The Hebrew word for "bush" in the burning bush narrative is סנה (seneh), which is probably a wordplay on "Sinai," but the "bush" in the Hagar narrative is a שׂיח (siach).
  2. How can we interpret the word bush spiritually which we can see in the Garden of eden where Adam and eve went hid behind the bush and Haggar kept her son under the bush, and MOSES was able ti listen to HIS voice in the midst of burning bush.
  3. Thank you! The amount of inspiration available in even the most unlikely places in the Torah is greater than I imagined! After 34 lectures now on IBC, I still get new insights every week.


Please enter your name here
Words left: 50
Please enter your comment!